WM8804 Datasheet by Cirrus Logic Inc.

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1:1 Digital Interface Transceiver with PLL
WOLFSON MICROELECTRONICS plc
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Production Data, March 2009, Rev 4.5
Copyright ©2009 Wolfson Microelectronics plc
DESCRIPTION
The WM8804 is a high performance consumer mode
S/PDIF transceiver with support for 1 received channel and
1 transmitted channel.
A crystal derived, or externally provided high quality master
clock is used to allow low jitter recovery of S/PDIF supplied
master clocks.
Generation of all typically used audio clocks is possible
using the high performance internal PLL. A dedicated
CLKOUT pin provides a high drive clock output.
A pass through option is provided which allows the device
simply to be used to clean up (de-jitter) the received digital
audio signals.
The device may be used under software control or stand
alone hardware control modes. In software control mode,
both 2-wire with read back and 3-wire interface modes are
supported.
Status and error monitoring is built-in and results can be
read back over the control interface, on the GPO pins or
streamed over the audio data interface in ‘With Flags’ mode
(audio data with status flags appended).
The audio data interface supports I2S, left justified, right
justified and DSP audio formats of 16-24 bit word length,
with sample rates from 32 to 192ks/s.
The device is supplied in a 20-lead Pb-free SSOP package.
FEATURES
S/PDIF (IEC60958-3) compliant.
Advanced jitter attenuating PLL with low intrinsic period
jitter of 50 ps RMS.
S/PDIF recovered clock using PLL, or stand alone crystal
derived clock generation.
Supports 10 – 27MHz crystal clock frequencies.
2-wire / 3-Wire serial or hardware control interface.
Programmable audio data interface modes:
- I2S, Left, Right Justified or DSP
- 16/20/24 bit word lengths
1 channel receiver input and 1 channel transmit output.
Auto frequency detection / synchronisation.
Selectable output status data bits.
Up to 3 configurable GPO pins.
De-emphasis flag output.
Non-audio detection including DOLBYTM and DTSTM.
Channel status changed flag.
Configurable clock distribution with selectable output
MCLK rate of 512fs, 256fs, 128fs and 64fs.
2.7 to 3.6V digital and PLL supply voltages.
20-lead SSOP package.
APPLICATIONS
AV processors and Hi-Fi systems
Music industry applications
DVD-P/DVD-RW
Digital TV
BLOCK DIAGRAM
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................... 1
FEATURES. ................ ............... ................ ................ ................ ................ ............. 1
APPLICATIONS ..................................................................................................... 1
BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................................................................. 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS ......................................................................................... 2
PIN CONFIGURATION ... ............... ................ ................ ................ ................ ......... 3
ORDERING INFORMATION .................................................................................. 3
PIN DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................ 4
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS ......................................................................... 5
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS ..................................................... 6
SUPPLY CURRENT ...................................................................................................... 6
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ...................................................................... 6
MASTER CLOCK TIMING ............................................................................................. 7
DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE – MASTER MODE ......................................................... 7
DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE – SLAVE MODE ............................................................ 8
CONTROL INTERFACE – 3-WIRE MODE .................................................................... 9
CONTROL INTERFACE – 2-WIRE MODE .................................................................. 10
DEVICE DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................... 11
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 11
POWER UP CONFIGURATION .................................................................................. 12
CONTROL INTERFACE OPERATION ........................................................................ 14
HARDWARE CONTROL MODE .................................................................................. 18
DIGITAL ROUTING CONTROL ................................................................................... 20
MASTER CLOCK AND PHASE LOCKED LOOP ......................................................... 21
SOFTWARE MODE INTERNAL CLOCKING .............................................................. 21
HARDWARE MODE INTERNAL CLOCKING .............................................................. 30
S/PDIF TRANSMITTER ............................................................................................... 31
S/PDIF RECEIVER ...................................................................................................... 34
GENERAL PURPOSE OUTPUT (GPO) CONFIGURATION ....................................... 43
DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE ..................................................................................... 44
AUDIO DATA FORMATS ............................................................................................ 45
REGISTER MAP ......................................................................................................... 52
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION ......................................................................... 63
RECOMMENDED EXTERNAL COMPONENTS .......................................................... 63
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS .................................................................................... 65
IMPORTANT NOTICE .......................................................................................... 66
ADDRESS: .................................................................................................................. 66
SCLK E 1. 20 :1 RXO GPOOISWIFMODE E 2 19 j DVDD SDINIHWMODE E 3 13 j DGND SDOUTIGPOZ E 4 17 j Txo CSBIGPO1 5 1e MCLK RESETB E6 WM8804 15 % LRCLK PVDD E 7 14 :1 BCLK PGND E a 13 3 DIN CLKOUT E 9 12 j DOUT XOP E10 11 :1 XIN WAVA‘ U-IOIFSOI'T PD1 Rev 45, March 2009 mmmeieclrmwa a
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PIN CONFIGURATION
( Top View )
ORDERING INFORMATION
DEVICE TEMPERATURE
RANGE PACKAGE MOISTURE
SENSITIVITY LEVEL
PEAK SOLDERING
TEMPERATURE
WM8804GEDS/V -40 to +85oC 20-lead SSOP
(Pb-free) MSL3 260oC
WM8804GEDS/RV -40 to +85oC 20-lead SSOP
(Pb-free, tape and reel) MSL3 260oC
Note:
Reel quantity = 2,000
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PIN DESCRIPTION
PIN NAME TYPE DESCRIPTION
1 SCLK Digital In/Out Control interface clock / GPO in hardware control mode. See note 2.
2 GPO0 / SWIFMODE Digital In/Out General purpose digital output or selected functionality at hardware reset.
See note 2.
3 SDIN / HWMODE Digital Input Control interface data input and hardware/software mode select at hardware
reset. See note 2.
4 SDOUT / GPO2 Digital In/Out Control interface data output in 3-wire software control mode/ GPO in
hardware control mode or 2-wire software control mode. See note 2.
5 CSB / GPO1 Digital In/Out Chip select / GPO in hardware control mode or 2-wire software control
Mode. See note 2
6 RESETB Digital Input System reset (active low)
7 PVDD Supply PLL core supply
8 PGND Supply PLL ground
9 CLKOUT Digital Out High drive clock output at 64fs, 128fs, 256fs and 512fs
10 XOP Digital Output Crystal output
11 XIN Digital Input Crystal input
12 DOUT Digital Out Audio interface data output
13 DIN Digital In Audio interface data input
14 BCLK Digital In/Out Audio interface bit clock
15 LRCLK Digital In/Out Audio interface left/right word clock
16 MCLK Digital In/Out Master clock input or output
17 TX0 Digital Out S/PDIF transmit channel
18 DGND Supply Digital ground
19 DVDD Supply Digital core supply
20 RX0 Digital In S/PDIF receive channel
Notes:
1. Digital input pins have Schmitt trigger input buffers.
2. Refer to Table 6 Device Configuration at Power up or Hardware Reset
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ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Absolute Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Permanent damage to the device may be caused by continuously operating at
or beyond these limits. Device functional operating limits and guaranteed performance specifications are given under Electrical
Characteristics at the test conditions specified.
ESD Sensitive Device. This device is manufactured on a CMOS process. It is therefore generically susceptible
to damage from excessive static voltages. Proper ESD precautions must be taken during handling and storage
of this device.
Wolfson tests its package types according to IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020B for Moisture Sensitivity to determine acceptable storage
conditions prior to surface mount assembly. These levels are:
MSL1 = unlimited floor life at <30°C / 85% Relative Humidity. Not normally stored in moisture barrier bag.
MSL2 = out of bag storage for 1 year at <30°C / 60% Relative Humidity. Supplied in moisture barrier bag.
MSL3 = out of bag storage for 168 hours at <30°C / 60% Relative Humidity. Supplied in moisture barrier bag.
The Moisture Sensitivity Level for each package type is specified in Ordering Information.
CONDITION MIN MAX
Digital core and I/O buffer supply voltage -0.3V +5V
PLL supply voltage -0.3V +5V
Voltage range digital inputs DGND -0.3V DVDD +0.3V
Master Clock Frequency 37MHz
Operating temperature range, TA -40°C +85°C
Storage temperature -65°C +150°C
Note:
1. PLL and digital supplies must always be within 0.3V of each other.
2. PLL and digital grounds must always be within 0.3V of each other.
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RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Digital supply range DVDD 2.7 3.6 V
Ground DGND 0 V
PLL supply range PVDD 2.7 3.6 V
Ground PGND 0 V
Notes:
1. PLL and digital supplies must always be within 0.3V of each other.
2. PLL and digital grounds must always be within 0.3V of each other.
SUPPLY CURRENT
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Digital supply current IDVDD DVDD = 3.3V 14.9 mA
PLL supply current IPVDD PVDD = 3.3V 1.7 mA
Power Consumption DVDD/PVDD = 3.3V 54.8 mW
Standby Power
Consumption
DVDD/PVDD = 3.3V
Device powered down
0.11 mW
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Jitter Characteristics
Intrinsic Period Jitter Ji 50 ps
Digital Logic Levels (CMOS Levels)
Input LOW level VIL 0.3 x DVDD V
Input HIGH level VIH 0.7 x DVDD V
Output LOW VOL 0.1 x DVDD V
Output HIGH VOH 0.9 x DVDD V
CLOCKOUT buffer drive
capability
Isource CMOS
20pF load
25 mA
Isink 25 mA
S/PDIF Receiver Characteristics
Input Resistance 23 k
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MASTER CLOCK TIMING
MCLK
t
MCLKL
t
MCLKH
t
MCLKY
Figure 1 Slave Mode MCLK Timing Requirements
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
System Clock Timing Information – Slave Mode
MCLK System clock cycle time tMCLKY 27 ns
MCLK System clock pulse width high tMCLKH 11 ns
MCLK System clock pulse width low tMLCKL 11 ns
MCLK Duty cycle 40:60 60:40 %
Table 1 Master Clock Timing Requirements
DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE – MASTER MODE
BCLK
DOUT
LRCLK
t
DL
DIN
t
DDA
t
DHT
t
DST
Figure 2 Digital Audio Data Timing – Master Mode
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Audio Data Input Timing Information
LRCLK propagation delay from
BCLK falling edge
tDL 0 10 ns
DOUT propagation delay from
BCLK falling edge
tDDA 0 10 ns
DIN setup time to BCLK rising
edge
tDST 10 ns
DIN hold time from BCLK rising
edge
tDHT 10 ns
Table 2 Digital Audio Data Timing – Master Mode
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DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE – SLAVE MODE
BCLK
LRCLK
t
BCH
t
BCL
t
BCY
DIN
DOUT
t
LRSU
t
DS
t
LRH
t
DH
t
DD
Figure 3 Digital Audio Data Timing – Slave Mode
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Audio Data Input Timing Information
BCLK cycle time tBCY 50 ns
BCLK pulse width high tBCH 20 ns
BCLK pulse width low tBCL 20 ns
LRCLK set-up time to BCLK
rising edge
tLRSU 10 ns
LRCLK hold time from
BCLK rising edge
tLRH 10 ns
DIN set-up time to BCLK
rising edge
tDS 10 ns
DIN hold time from BCLK
rising edge
tDH 10 ns
DOUT propagation delay
from BCLK falling edge
tDD 0 10 ns
Table 3 Digital Audio Data Timing – Slave Mode
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CONTROL INTERFACE – 3-WIRE MODE
CSB
SCLK
SDIN
tDHO
tDSU
tCSH
tSCY tSCS
LSB
SDO
tDL
LSB
tCSS
tCSU
tCSM
tSCR
Figure 4 Control Interface Timing – 3-Wire Serial Control Mode
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Program Register Input Information
SCLK rising edge to CSB rising edge tSCS 60 ns
SCLK cycle time tSCY 80 ns
SCLK duty cycle 40/60 60/40 %
SDIN to SCLK set-up time tDSU 20 ns
SDIN hold time from SCLK rising edge tDHO 20 ns
SDOUT propagation delay from SCLK rising edge tDL 5 ns
CSB pulse width high tCSH 20 ns
SCLK to CSB low (required for read cycle) set-up time tCSU 20 ns
CSB min (write cycle only) tCSM 0.5* tSCY ns
SCLK fall to CSB high tCSR 20 ns
CSB rising/falling to SCLK rising tCSS 20 ns
SCLK glitch suppression tps 2 8 ns
Table 4 Control Interface Timing – 3-Wire Serial Control Mode
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CONTROL INTERFACE – 2-WIRE MODE
SDIN
SCLK
t
STHO
t
SCY
t
DSU
t
STSU
t
STHO
t
STOP
t
DH
Figure 5 Control Interface Timing – 2-Wire Serial Control Mode
Test Conditions
PVDD = 3.3V, DVDD = 3.3V, PGND = 0V, DGND = 0V, TA = +25oC, fs = 48kHz, MCLK = 256fs unless stated.
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Program Register Input Information
SCLK cycle time tSCY 2500 ns
SCLK duty cycle 40/60 60/40 %
SCLK frequency 400 kHz
Hold Time (Start Condition) tSTHO 600 ns
Setup Time (Start Condition) tSTSU 600 ns
Data Setup Time tDSU 100 ns
SDIN, SCLK Rise Time 300 ns
SDIN, SCLK Fall Time 300 ns
Setup Time (Stop Condition) tSTOP 600 ns
Data Hold Time tDH 900 ns
SCLK glitch suppression tps 2 8 ns
Table 5 Control Interface Timing – 2-Wire Serial Control Mode
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DEVICE DESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION
FEATURES
IEC-60958-3 compatible with 32 to 192k frames/s support.
Supports AES-3 data frames.
Support for reception and transmission of S/PDIF data.
Clock synthesis PLL with reference clock input and low jitter output.
Supports input reference clock frequencies from 10MHz to 27MHz.
Dedicated high drive clock output pin.
Register controlled channel status bit configuration.
Register read-back of recovered channel status bits and error flags.
Detection of non-audio data, sample rate and de-emphasis.
Programmable GPOs for error flags and frame status flags.
The WM8804 is an IEC-60958 compatible S/PDIF transceiver with support for one received S/PDIF
data stream and one transmitted S/PDIF data stream.
The receiver performs data and clock recovery, and transmits recovered data from the chip either
through the digital audio interface or, alternatively, the device can loop the received S/PDIF data
back out through the S/PDIF transmitter producing a de-jittered S/PDIF transmit data stream. The
recovered clock may be routed to a high drive output pin for external use. If there is no S/PDIF input
data stream the PLL can be configured to output all standard MCLK frequencies or it can be
configured to maintain the frequency of the last received S/PDIF data stream.
The transmitter generates S/PDIF frames where audio data may be sourced from the S/PDIF
receiver or the digital audio interface. Timing for the S/PDIF transmitter interface can be sourced
from the internally derived MCLK in loop through mode or it can be taken from an external source.
S/PDIF FORMAT
S/PDIF is a serial, bi-phase-mark encoded data stream. An S/PDIF frame consists of two sub-
frames. Each sub-frame is made up of:
Preamble – a synchronization pattern used to identify the start of a 192-frame block or sub-
frame
4-bit Auxiliary Data (AUX) – ordered LSB to MSB
20-bit Audio Data (24-bit when combined with AUX) – ordered LSB to MSB
Validity Bit – a 1 indicates invalid data in the associated sub-frame
User Bit – over 192-frames, this forms a User Data Block
Channel Bit – over 192-frames, this forms a Channel Status Block
Parity Bit – used to maintain even parity over the sub-frame (not including the preamble)
An S/PDIF Block consists of 192 frames. Channel and user blocks are incorporated within the 192-
frame S/PDIF Block. For Consumer mode only the first 40-frames are used to make up the Channel
and User blocks. Figure 6 illustrates the S/PDIF format. The WM8804 does not support transmission
of user channel data. Received user channel data may be accessed via GPO pins.
UT
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. . . . . . . . .
Frame
192
Frame
1
Subframe 1 Subframe 2
Sync
preamble Aux V U C PAudio Sample Word
3 4 7 8 27 28031
32 bits
Figure 6 S/PDIF Format
POWER UP CONFIGURATION
The operating mode of the WM8804 is dependent upon the state of SDIN, SCLK, SDOUT, CSB and
GPO0 when the device is powered up or a hardware reset occurs. Table 6 summarises the
configuration options.
HW RESET = 0 HW RESET = 1
SWMODE HWMODE SWMODE HWMODE
PIN
SDIN HWMODE / SWMODE Select SDIN N/A
SCLK N/A AIF_MS SCLK GPO
(TRANS_ERR)
SDOUT N/A AIF_CONF[0]
2-wire 3-wire GPO
(NON_AUDIO)
GPO SDOUT
CSB
2-wire 3-wire
TXSRC
2-wire 3-wire GPO
(UNLOCK)
Device
Address N/A GPO CSB
GPO0
2-wire/3-wire
Mode Select
AIF_CONF[1] GPO
GPO
(GEN_FLAG)
Note: AIF_CONF[1:0] configures the audio interface when the device operates in hardware mode.
Refer to Table 16 for description of modes.
Table 6 Device Configuration at Power up or Hardware Reset
§ % t - , I Figure 7 Pin Sampling On Power Up or Hardwz If «he dewce rs powered up m sunware control mod delauH and must be powered up unuwuduauy by w (Table 7). In hardware comm made an luncnons av REGISTER ADDRESS EIT LABEL R30 0 PLLFD FWRDN 181 1 SPD‘FRXP D 2 SPD‘FTXPD 3 OSCPD 4 A‘FPD 5 TRIOP Table 7 Power Down Register WAVA‘ u.|o|fson’ mrereeueerrmrea
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When the device powers up, all power up configuration pins are configured as inputs for a minimum
of 9.4us and a maximum of 25.6us following the release of the external reset. The times are based
on 27MHz and 10MHz crystal clock frequencies respectively. This enables the pins to be sampled
and the device to be configured before the pins are released to their selected operating conditions.
Figure 7 illustrates how SDIN is sampled.
Figure 7 Pin Sampling On Power Up or Hardware Reset
If the device is powered up in software control mode, all functions of the device are powered down by
default and must be powered up individually by writing to the relevant bits of the PWRDN register
(Table 7). In hardware control mode, all functions of the device are powered up by default.
REGISTER ADDRESS BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
0 PLLPD 1 PLL powerdown
0 = PLL enabled
1 = PLL disabled
1 SPDIFRXP
D
1 S/PDIF receiver powerdown
0 = S/PDIF receiver enabled
1 = S/PDIF receiver disabled
2 SPDIFTXPD 1 S/PDIF transmitter powerdown
0 = S/PDIF transmitter enabled
1 = S/PDIF transmitter disabled
3 OSCPD 0 Oscillator power down
0 = Power Up
1 = Power Down
4 AIFPD 0 Digital audio interface power
down
0 = Power Up
1= Power Down
5 TRIOP 0 Tri-state all outputs
0 = Outputs not tri-stated
1 = Outputs tri-stated
Table 7 Power Down Register
D Q
ENB
SDIN
RSTB
Powe
r
-
On Reset
POR_B
HWMODE
/
SWMODE
Sampling of pin value at reset to
generate internal signals.
REG‘STER ADDRESS DATA (R/W BYTE sow w REGNE o] 0an o] SDOUT X x
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CONTROL INTERFACE OPERATION
Control of the WM8804 is implemented in either hardware control mode or software control mode.
The method of control is determined by sampling the state of the SDIN/HWMODE pin at power up or
at a hardware reset. If SDIN/HWMODE is low during power up the device is configured in hardware
control mode, otherwise the device is configured in software control mode.
SDIN/HWMODE
0 Hardware mode
1 Software mode
Table 8 Hardware or Software Mode Select
Software control is achieved using a 3-wire (3-wire write, 4-wire read) or a 2-wire serial interface.
The serial interface format is configured by sampling the state of the GPO0/SWIFMODE pin on
power up or at a hardware reset. If the GPO0/SWIFMODE pin is low the interface is configured in 2-
wire mode, otherwise the interface is configured in 3-wire SPI compatible mode.
GPO0/SWIFMODE
0 2-wire interface
1 3-wire interface
Table 9 Software Mode Control Interface Select
3-WIRE (SPI COMPATIBLE) SERIAL CONTROL MODE – REGISTER WRITE
SDIN is used for the program data, SCLK is used to clock in the program data and CSB is used to
latch in the program data. SDIN is sampled on the rising edge of SCLK. The 3-wire interface write
protocol is shown in Figure 8. The CSB can be low for the duration of the write cycle or it can be a
short CSB pulse at the end of the write cycle.
Figure 8 3-Wire Serial Interface Register Write Protocol
W is a control bit indicating a read or write operation. 0 =write operation, 1 = read operation
REGA[6:0] is the register address.
DIN[7:0] is the data to be written to the register being addressed.
CSB is edge sensitive – the data is latched on the rising edge of CSB.
CONT = 1 REGISTER DATA AWE? ms SCLK : + SDIN W 'IVREGAIBJJ] X D|N[7:O] X X SDOUT X X DOUT[7:D] X X
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3-WIRE SERIAL CONTROL MODE REGISTER READ-BACK
Not all registers can be read. Only the device ID (registers R0, R1 and R2) and the status registers
can be read. These status registers are labelled as “read only” in the Register Map section.
The read-only status registers can be read back via the SDOUT pin. The registers can be read by
one of two methods, selected by the CONT register bit and the ‘W’ control bit. The oscillator must be
powered up before 3-wire control interface read-back is possible.
When CONT =1 and ‘W’=0, a single read-only register can be read back by writing to any other
register or to a dummy register. The register to be read is determined by the READMUX[2:0] bits.
When a write to the device is performed, the device will respond by returning the status byte in the
register selected by the READMUX register bits. This 3-wire interface read back method using a write
access is shown in Figure 9.
REGISTER ADDRESS BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R29
SPDRX1
1Dh
2:0 READMUX
[2:0]
000 Status Register Select
Determines which status register
is to be read back:
000 = Interrupt Status Register
001 = Channel Status Register 1
010 = Channel Status Register 2
011 = Channel Status Register 3
100 = Channel Status Register 4
101 = Channel Status Register 5
110 = S/PDIF Status Register
3 CONT 0 Continuous Read Enable
0 = Continuous read-back mode
disabled
1 = Continuous read-back mode
enabled
Table 10 Read-Back Control Register
The SDOUT pin is tri-state unless CSB is held low; therefore CSB must be held low for the duration
of the read.
Figure 9 3-Wire Control Interface Read-Back Method 1
The second method of reading the read only status registers is If CONT=0 and ‘W’=1. Using this
method the user can read back directly from a register by reading the register address. The device
will respond with the contents of the register. The protocol for this read-back method is shown in
Figure 10.
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Figure 10 3-Wire Control Interface Read-Back Method 2
2-WIRE SERIAL CONTROL MODE - REGISTER WRITE
The WM8804 supports software control via a 2-wire serial bus. Many devices can be controlled by
the same bus and each device has a unique 7-bit address (see Table 11).
The controller indicates the start of data transfer with a high to low transition on SDIN while SCLK
remains high. This indicates that a device address, DEVA(7:1), and data, REG(6:0), will follow. All
devices on the 2-wire bus will shift in the next eight bits on SDIN (7-bit address DEVA(7:1), +
read/write ‘W bit, MSB first). If the device address received matches the address of the WM8804,
the WM8804 responds by driving SDIN low on the next clock pulse (ACK). This is a device
acknowledgement of an address match. If the address does not match that of the WM8804, the
device returns to the idle condition and waits for a new start condition and valid address.
Once the WM8804 has acknowledged a matching address, the controller sends the first byte of
control data, which is the WM8804 register address (REGA[6:0]). The WM8804 then acknowledges
reception of the control data byte by pulling SDIN low for one clock pulse (another ACK). The
controller then sends the second byte of control data (DIN[7:0], i.e. the eight bits of register data to
be written), and the WM8804 acknowledges again by pulling SDIN low (another ACK).
The transfer of data is complete when there is a low to high transition on SDIN while SCLK is high.
After receiving a complete address and data sequence the WM8804 returns to the idle state and
waits for another start condition. If a start or stop condition is detected out of sequence at any point
during data transfer (i.e. SDIN changes while SCLK is high), the device returns to the idle condition.
Figure 11 2-Wire Serial Control Interface Write
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Multiple consecutive register writes can be performed in 2-wire control mode by setting the CONT bit
high. This method allows the entire register map to be defined in a one continuous write operation.
Figure 12 2-Wire Serial Control Interface Multi-Write
The WM8804 has two possible device addresses, which can be selected using the CSB pin during
hardware reset.
CSB STATE DEVICE ADDRESS IN
2-WIRE MODE
ADDRESS (X=R/W BIT)
X=0 X= 1
Low 0111010x 0x74 0x75
High 0111011x 0x76 0x77
Table 11 2-Wire Interface Address Selection
2-WIRE SERIAL CONTROL MODE -REGISTER READ-BACK
The WM8804 allows read-back of certain registers in 2-wire mode. The protocol is similar to that
used to write to the device. The controller will issue the device address followed by a write bit, the
register index will then be passed to the WM8804. At this point the controller will issue a repeated
start condition and resend the device address along with a read bit. The WM8804 will acknowledge
this and the WM8804 will become a slave transmitter. The WM8804 will transmit the data from the
indexed register on SDIN MSB first. When the controller receives the data it will not acknowledge
receipt of the data indicating that it will resume master transmitter control of SDIN. The controller will
then issue a stop command completing the read cycle. Figure 13 illustrates the read protocol.
Figure 13 2-Wire Serial Control Interface Read (CONT=0)
2-WIRE SERIAL CONTROL MODE – CONTINUOUS READ-BACK
As in 3-wire mode, there are two methods of reading back data: continuous and non-continuous
read-back. Continuous read-back is selected by setting CONT to 1. In continuous read-back mode,
the device will return the indexed register first followed by consecutive registers in increasing index
order until the controller does not acknowledge the data then issues a stop sequence. This is shown
in Figure 14
Figure 14 2-Wire Serial Interface Continuous Read-Back (CONT=1)
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SOFTWARE REGISTER RESET
Writing to register 0000000 will reset the WM8804. This will reset all register bits to their default
values. The WM8804 is powered down by default so writing to this register will power down the
device.
DEVICE ID AND REVISION IDENTIFICATION
Registers 0,1 and 2 can be read to identify the device ID and IC revision number. Refer to Table 12
for details.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R00
RST/DEVID1
00h
7:0
RESET N/A
Writing to this register will apply a
reset to the device.
DEVID1[7:0] 00000101
Reading from this register will return
the second part of the device ID
00000101 = 0x05
R01
DEVID2
01h
(read only)
7:0 DEVID2[7:0] 10001000
Reading from this register will return
the first part of the device ID
10001000 = 0x88
R02
DEVREV
02h
3:0 DEVREV
[3:0] N/A
Reading from this register will return
the device revision.
0x1 = revision 1
Table 12 Software Reset Register and Device ID
HARDWARE CONTROL MODE
The WM8804 can be operated in either software or hardware control modes. The method of control
is determined by sampling the state of the SDIN pin during power up or hard reset. If SDIN is LOW
during power up or hardware reset, the WM8804 will be switched into hardware control mode.
PIN 0 1
SDIN Hardware control Mode Software control Mode
Table 13 Hardware / Software Mode Configuration
In hardware control mode the user has limited control over the configuration of the device. Most of
the features will assume default values but some can be configured using external pins. When the
device is configured in hardware control mode, all functions of the device are powered up.
The clock and data recovery module requires a 12 MHz crystal derived clock reference as the
default values for this module cannot be altered in hardware control mode.
MASTER / SLAVE MODE SELECTION
The WM8804 can be configured in either master or slave mode. In software control mode this is set
by writing to AIF_MS in the AIFRX register. In hardware control mode this is controlled by sampling
the SCLK pin on power up or hardware reset.
PIN
(HARDWARE
MODE)
REGISTER
(SOFTWARE
MODE)
0 1
SCLK AIF_MS Slave mode Master mode
Table 14 Master / Slave Mode Configuration in Hardware Mode
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DIGITAL ROUTING CONTROL
See page 20 for a full description of the signal routing options available in the WM8804. In Software
control mode the value set in register TXSRC determines the S/PDIF transmitter data source. In
hardware control mode the value of TXSRC can be set using the CSB pin.
PIN
(HARDWARE
MODE)
REGISTER
(SOFTWARE
MODE)
0 1
CSB TXSRC S/PDIF Rx AIF Rx
Table 15 S/PDIF Transmitter Digital Routing Control Configuration
AUDIO INTERFACE CONTROL
In software control mode the audio data word length and audio data format can be set independently
for the receiver and transmitter sides of the interface. However, in hardware control mode both sides
of the interface are combined and the configuration is set using SDOUT and GPO0 pins as described
in Table 6 and Table 16. Note that AIF_CONF[1:0] configures the audio interface when the device
operates in hardware mode.
GPO0 /
AIFCONF[1]
SDOUT /
AIFCONF[0]
DESCRIPTION
0 0 16-bit I2S
0 1 24-bit I2S
1 0 24-bit Left Justified With Flags
1 1 16-bit Right Justified
Table 16 Digital Audio Interface Control in Hardware Control Mode
STATUS INFORMATION
In hardware control mode the WM8804 outputs a selection of status flags for the user. Table 17
describes the flags which are available and the output pins on which they are available.
PIN STATUS FLAG
SCLK TRANS_ERR
SDOUT NON_AUDIO
CSB UNLOCK
GPO0 GEN_FLAG
Table 17 Hardware Control Mode Status Flag Configuration
A full description of the status flags is given in Table 45.
qu CLOCK & DATA RECOVERY ll S/PDIF RX Digital AIF mom >4— MG >—> szRc S/PDIF TX TXO
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DIGITAL ROUTING CONTROL
Figure 15 Digital Routing Paths within the WM8804
Digital signal routing within the WM8804 is controlled by the TXSRC register. In order to ensure
proper operation when changing TXSRC, the S/PDIF transmitter module should be powered down
prior to changing the TXSRC control register and powered up again once the routing path has been
changed.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
2 SPDIFTXPD 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Powerdown
0 = S/PDIF transmitter enabled
1 = S/PDIF transmitter disabled
R21
SPDTX4
15h
6 TXSRC 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Data Source
0 = S/PDIF Received Data
SPDIFTXCLK Source = CLK2
1 = Digital Audio Interface
Received Data – SPDIFTXCLK
Source = MCLK Input/Output
Signal at MCLK Pin
Table 18 Digital Signal Routing Control Registers
MCLK T U 0 m C MCLKDIV DIV<—————— s/pdif="" tx=""><>< s/pdif="" rx="" ———=""> PLL N PLL K 1 n “““““ X03593 m e V I A ““““ D 20593 V I A ““““ D 30:35 an“ V P: W 1 ““““ D ”:5me M c c s o C S 0 xIN XOUT
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MASTER CLOCK AND PHASE LOCKED LOOP
SOFTWARE MODE INTERNAL CLOCKING
The WM8804 is equipped with a comprehensive clocking scheme that provides maximum flexibility
and many configurable routing possibilities for the user in software mode. An overview of the
software mode clocking scheme is shown in Figure 16.
Figure 16 Software Mode Clocking Scheme
The clocking scheme can be divided into four sections. These are detailed as follows:
OSCILLATOR
The primary function of the oscillator is to generate the oscillator clock (OSCCLK) for the PLL input.
Whenever the PLL or the S/PDIF receiver is enabled, the oscillator must be used to generate the
OSCCLK signal for the PLL.
The secondary function of the oscillator is to generate the OSCCLK so that it can be selected
internally as the clock source for:
The MCLK output pin, when the pin is configured as an output.
The CLKOUT output pin, when enabled.
The oscillator has one control bit as shown in Table 19. The oscillator must be powered up to
generate the OSCCLK signal.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
3 OSCPD 1 Oscillator Power Down Control
0 = Power up
1 = Power down
Table 19 Oscillator Control
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The oscillator uses a Pierce type oscillator drive circuit. This circuit requires an external crystal and
appropriate external loading capacitors. The oscillator circuit contains a bias generator within the
WM8804 and hence an external bias resistor is not required. Crystal frequencies between 10 and
14.4MHz or 16.28 and 27MHz can be used in software mode. The recommended circuit is shown in
the recommended components diagram, please refer to Figure 28.
Alternatively, an external CMOS compatible clock signal can be applied to the XIN pin in the absence
of a crystal, although this is not recommended when using the PLL as the PLL requires a jitter-free
OSCCLK signal for optimum performance.
PHASE-LOCKED LOOP (PLL)
The WM8804 has an on-chip phase-locked loop (PLL) circuit that can be used to synthesise clock
signals from the external oscillator clock. The PLL can be used to:
Generate clocks necessary for the S/PDIF receiver to lock on to and recover S/PDIF data
from an incoming S/PDIF data stream.
Generate clocks which may be used to drive the MCLK and/or CLKOUT pins.
Generate clocks which may be used by the S/PDIF transmitter to encode and transmit a
S/PDIF data stream.
The PLL can be enabled or disabled using the PLLPD register bit as shown in Table 20.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
0 PLLPD 1 PLL Power Down Control
0 = Power up PLL
1 = Power down PLL
Table 20 PLL Power Down Control
The PLL has two modes of operation:
S/PDIF Receive Mode (Automatic PLL Mode – Selected if S/PDIF Receiver Enabled)
In S/PDIF receive mode, the PLL is automatically controlled by the S/PDIF receiver to allow the
receiver to use the PLL to lock on to and track the incoming S/PDIF data stream.
Please refer to the S/PDIF Receiver section within the Internal Clocking description for full details.
If the CLKOUT or MCLK clocks are sourced from either CLK1 or CLK2 in this mode, the frequency
of these signals will be modified based on the clock rate of the incoming S/PDIF data stream. If the
sample rate of the incoming stream is changed, the MCLK and CLKOUT signals will continue to be
output, but will not be valid until the S/PDIF receiver has locked to the incoming stream at the new
sample rate. If the incoming S/PDIF stream stops, the PLL N and K values will be frozen and the
output clocks will continue at the frequency set by the last recovered S/PDIF stream. If the S/PDIF
input stream is removed then it is possible for the PLL to detect small pulse as the data is being
removed. This may result in the output clocks changing to an invalid frequency. Note also that if the
device is power-on and configured with no S/PDIF input data stream, then the PLL will default to
approximately 24MHz.
User Mode (Manual PLL Mode – Selected if S/PDIF Receiver Disabled)
In user mode, the user has full control over the PLL function and operation. In this mode, the user
can accurately specify the PLL N and K multiplier values (using the PLL_N and PLL_K registers),
divider values (PRESCALE and FREQMODE) and can hence control the generated CLK1 and CLK2
frequencies. Refer to Table 21 for details of the registers available for configuration in this mode.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R3
PLL1
03h
7:0 PLL_K[7:0] 00100001 Fractional (K) part of PLL frequency
ratio (R).
Value K is one 22-digit binary
number spread over registers R3,
R4 and R5 as shown.
Note: PLL_K must be set to
specific values when the S/PDIF
receiver is used. Refer to S/PDIF
Receiver clocking section for
details.
R4
PLL2
04h
7:0 PLL_K[15:8] 11111101
R5
PLL3
05h
5:0 PLL_K[21:16] 00110110
R6
PLL4
06h
3:0 PLL_N[3:0] 0111 Integer (N) part of PLL frequency
ratio (R).
Use values in the range 5 PLL_N
13 as close as possible to 8
Note: PLL_N must be set to
specific values when the S/PDIF
receiver is used. Refer to S/PDIF
Receiver clocking section for
details.
Table 21 User Mode PLL_K and PLL_N Multiplier Control
PLL CONFIGURATION
The PLL performs a configurable frequency multiplication of the input clock signal (f1). The
multiplication factor of the PLL (denoted by ‘R’) is variable and is defined by the relationship: R = (f2 ÷
f1).
The multiplication factor is set using register bits PLL_N and PLL_K (refer to Table 21). The
multiplication effect of both the N and K multipliers are additive (i.e. if N is configured to provide a
multiplication factor of 8 and K is configured to provide a multiplication factor of 0.192, the overall
multiplication factor is 8 + 0.192 = 8.192).
In order to choose and configure the correct values for PLL_N and PLL_K, multiplication factor R
must first be calculated. Once value R is calculated, the value of PLL_N is the integer (whole
number) value of R, ignoring all digits to the right of the decimal point. For example, if R is calculated
to be 8.196523, PLL_N is simply 8.
Once PLL_N is calculated, the PLL_K value is simply the integer value of (222 (R-PLL_N)). For
example, if R is 8.196523 and PLL_N is 8, PLL_K is therefore (222 (8.196523-8)), which is 824277
(ignoring all digits to the right of the decimal point).
Note: The PLL is designed to operate with best performance (shortest lock time and optimum
stability) when f2 is between 90 and 100MHz and PLL_N is 8. However, acceptable PLL_N values lie
in the range 5 PLL_N 13. Do not use values outwith this range and it is recommended that the
chosen value of PLL_N is as close to 8 as possible for optimum performance.
An output divider is provided to allow the f2 clock signal to be divided to a frequency suitable for use
as the source for the MCLK, CLKOUT or S/PDIF transmitter. The divider output is configurable and is
set by the FREQMODE bits. The PLL is also equipped with a pre-scale divider which offers
frequency divide by one or two before the OSCCLK signal is fed to the PLL. Please refer to
Ca‘cu‘ale the I2 FREQMODE and MCLKD‘V Values Ca‘cu‘ale R Value Ca‘cu‘ale PLL N Va‘ue Ca‘cu‘ale PLL K Value
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R6
PLL4
06h
4 PRESCALE 0 PLL Pre-scale Divider Select
0 = Divide by 1 (PLL input clock =
oscillator clock)
1 = Divide by 2 (PLL input clock =
oscillator clock ÷ 2)
R7
PLL5
07h
1:0 FREQMODE[1:0]
10
PLL Post-scale Divider Select
Selects the PLL output divider value
in conjunction with MCLKDIV and
CLKOUTDIV.
Refer to Table 23 for details of
FREQMODE operation.
Note: FREQMODE[1:0] bits are
automatically set in S/PDIF
Receive Mode.
Table 22 Pre and Post PLL Clock Divider Control
PLL CONFIGURATION EXAMPLE
Consider the situation where the oscillator clock (OSCCLK) input frequency is fixed at 12MHz and
the required MCLK frequency is 12.288MHz.
1. Calculate the f2, FREQMODE and MCLKDIV Values
The PLL is designed to operate with best performance when the f2 clock is between 90 and 100MHz.
The necessary MCLK frequency is 12.288MHz. Choose MCLKDIV and FREQMODE values to set
the f2 frequency in the range of 90 to 100MHz. In this case, the default values (MCLKDIV = 0 and
FREQMODE[1:0] = 10) will set the f2 frequency at 98.304MHz; this value is within the 90 to 100MHz
range and is hence acceptable.
MCLKDIV = 0
FREQMODE[1:0] = 10
f
2 = 98.304MHz
2. Calculate R Value
Using the relationship: R = (f2 ÷ f1), the value of R can be calculated.
R = (f2 ÷ f1)
R = (98.304 ÷ 12)
R = 8.192
3. Calculate PLL_N Value
The value of PLL_N is the integer (whole number) value of R, ignoring all digits to the right of the
decimal point. In this case, R is 8.192, hence PLL_N is 8.
4. Calculate PLL_K Value
The PLL_K value is simply the integer value of (222 (R-PLL_N)).
PLL_K = integer part of (222 x (8.192 – 8))
PLL_K = integer part of 805306.368
PLL_K = 805306 (decimal) / C49BA (hex)
A number of example configurations are shown in Table 23. Many other configurations are possible;
Table 23 shows only a small number of valid possibilities.
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OSC
CLK
(MHz)
PRE-
SCALE
F1
(MHz)
F2
(MHz)
R PLL_N
(Hex)
PLL_K
(Hex)
FREQ
MODE
[1:0]
MCLK
DIV
MCLK
(MHz)
CLKOUT
DIV
[1:0]
CLK
OUT
(MHz)
12 0 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA 00 1 24.576 01 49.152
12 0 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA 10 0 12.288 00 24.576
12 0 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA 10 1 6.144 01 12.288
12 0 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA 10 0 12.288 10 6.144
12 0 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA 10 1 6.144 11 3.072
24 1 12 90.3168 7.5264 7 21B089 01 0 22.5792 00 45.1584
24 1 12 90.3168 7.5264 7 21B089 10 0 11.2896 00 22.5792
24 1 12 90.3168 7.5264 7 21B089 10 1 5.6448 01 11.2896
24 1 12 90.3168 7.5264 7 21B089 10 0 11.2896 10 5.6448
24 1 12 90.3168 7.5264 7 21B089 10 1 5.6448 11 2.8224
27 1 13.5 98.304 7.2818 7 1208A5 10 0 12.288 01 12.288
27 1 13.5 98.304 7.2818 7 1208A5 10 1 6.144 10 6.144
27 1 13.5 90.3168 6.6901 6 2C2B24 10 0 11.2896 01 11.2896
27 1 13.5 90.3168 6.6901 6 2C2B24 10 1 5.6448 10 5.6448
Table 23 User Mode PLL Configuration Examples
When considering settings not shown in this table, the key configuration parameters which must be
selected for optimum operation are:
90MHz f2 100MHz
5 PLL_N 13
OSCCLOCK = 10 to 14.4MHz or 16.28 to 27MHz
PLL INTEGER AND FRACTIONAL CONTROL MODES
The PLL can be operated in either fractional or integer control modes. In PLL User Mode, it is
recommended that the PLL should be operated in fractional control mode at all times. When
the S/PDIF receiver is enabled, the PLL must be operated in fractional control mode.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R7
PLL5
07h
2 FRACEN 1 Integer/Fractional PLL Mode
Select
0 = Integer PLL (PLL_N value used,
PLL_K value ignored)
1 = Fractional PLL (both PLL_N and
PLL_K values used)
Note: FRACEN must be set to
enable the fractional PLL when
using S/PDIF Receive Mode.
Table 24 PLL Fractional/Integer Mode Select
MASTER CLOCK (MCLK)
The master clock (MCLK) signal is used to supply reference clock signals to the following circuit
blocks:
The Digital Audio Interface
The S/PDIF Transmitter
The master clock (MCLK) pin can be configured as either a clock input or output depending on the
digital audio interface mode as shown in Table 25.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R28
AIFRX
1Ch
6 AIF_MS 0 Audio Interface Mode Select
0 = Slave mode – MCLK Input
1 = Master mode – MCLK Output
Table 25 Audio Interface Mode Select
When MCLK is configured as an output, the MCLK source and rate can be selected using the control
bits shown in Table 26. The MCLK rate select can only be used when the MCLK output source is
selected as the PLL clock. If the oscillator clock is selected as the PLL source, the MCLK frequency
is equal to the oscillator clock frequency.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R7
PLL5
07h
3 MCLKDIV 0 MCLK Divider Select
(Only valid when CLK2 is selected
as MCLK output source)
See Table 27 for MCLKDIV
configuration in PLL user mode.
See Table 28 for MCLKDIV
configuration in PLL S/PDIF receive
mode.
R8
PLL6
08h
7 MCLKSRC 0 MCLK Output Source select
0 = Select CLK2
1 = Select OSCCLK
Table 26 Master Clock Output Control
FREQMODE[1:0] F2 TO CLK1 DIVISION FACTOR F2 TO CLK2 DIVISION FACTOR
CLKOUTDIV[1:0] MCLKDIV
00 01 10 11 0 1
00 ÷2 ÷2 ÷4 ÷8 ÷2 ÷4
01 ÷2 ÷4 ÷8 ÷16 ÷4 ÷8
10 ÷4 ÷8 ÷16 ÷32 ÷8 ÷16
11 ÷6 ÷12 ÷24 ÷48 ÷12 ÷24
Table 27 PLL User Mode Clock Divider Configuration
CLKOUTDIV[1:0] CLK1 FREQUENCY MCLKDIV CLK2 FREQUENCY
00 512fs 0 256fs
01 256fs 1 128fs
10 128fs
11 64fs
Table 28 PLL S/PDIF Receive Mode Clock Divider Configuration
Note: The fs values shown above are relative to the S/PDIF recovered sample rate.
When MCLK is configured as an input, the reference clock rate for the S/PDIF transmitter (when the
digital audio interface received data is configured as the S/PDIF transmitter data source) is controlled
by the frequency of the MCLK signal at the MCLK pin.
Refer to the “Digital Audio Interface” datasheet section for details of configuring MCLK for appropriate
digital audio interface operation.
CLOCK OUTPUT (CLKOUT)
The high-drive clock output (CLKOUT) pin can be used as a clock output. This pin is intended to be
used as a clock source pin for providing the central clock reference for an audio system.
The CLKOUT clock source can be selected from either the OSCCLK or CLK1 signals. The control
bits for the CLKOUT signal are shown in Table 29.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R7
PLL5
07h
5:4 CLKOUTDIV[1:0] 01 CLKOUT Divider Select
(Only valid when CLK1 is selected
as CLKOUT output source)
See for Table 27 CLKOUTDIV[1:0]
configuration in PLL user mode.
See Table 28 for CLKOUTDIV[1:0]
configuration in PLL S/PDIF receive
mode.
R8
PLL6
08h
3 CLKOUTSRC 1 CLKOUT Pin Source Select
0 = Select CLK1
1 = Select OSCCLK
4 CLKOUTDIS 1 CLKOUT Pin Disable
0 = Pin Disabled (Pin tri-stated)
1 = Pin Enabled
Table 29 Clock Output (CLKOUT) Control
S/PDIF TRANSMITTER
When the S/PDIF transmitter is enabled and configured (using TXSRC) to use the S/PDIF received
data, the S/PDIF transmitter is clocked from the CLK2 signal. When the transmitter’s data source is
the digital audio interface, the transmitter reference clock source is the MCLK signal at the MCLK
input/output pin. Refer to Table 30 for details.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R21
SPDTX4
15h
6 TXSRC 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Data Source
0 = S/PDIF Received Data –
SPDIFTXCLK Source = CLK2
1 = Digital Audio Interface Received
Data – SPDIFTXCLK Source =
MCLK Input/Output Signal at MCLK
Pin
Table 30 S/PDIF Transmitter Data/MCLK Source Control
The S/PDIF transmitter requires a clock reference signal (either CLK2 or MCLK) when enabled. The
applied MCLK signal can be either128fs, 256fs, 384fs, 512fs, 768fs or 1152fs relative to the sample
rate of the transmitted data.
S/PDIF RECEIVER
In S/PDIF receive mode, the PLL_N and PLL_K values are automatically modified by the S/PDIF
receiver to allow the receiver to use the PLL to lock on to and track the incoming S/PDIF data
stream.
The S/PDIF receiver has four clocking modes based on the incoming S/PDIF stream sample rate.
The modes are:
Mode 1: Incoming S/PDIF sample rate = 176.4kHz – 1% to 192kHz +1%
Mode 2: Incoming S/PDIF sample rate = 88.2kHz -1% to 96kHz +1%
Mode 3: Incoming S/PDIF sample rate = 44.1kHz -1% to 48kHz +1%
Mode 4: Incoming S/PDIF sample rate = 32kHz +/- 1%
Before the S/PDIF receiver is enabled, it is important that the PLL_N and PLL_K register values are
manually configured in a specific default state so that the S/PDIF receiver can correctly modify the
PLL_N and PLL_K values and hence establish correct PLL control.
The PLL_N and PLL_K register values must also be manually re-configured when a change of the
clocking mode is detected and the change is to mode 1 or from mode 1.
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The specified f2 frequencies that must be configured using the PLL_N and PLL_K register values for
reception of specific S/PDIF sample rates are as follows:
Mode 1 (176.4/192kHz sample rate): f2 = 94.3104MHz (for 176.4KHz) or 98.304MHz (for
192KHz) *Refer to sections headed 176.4KHZ OPERATION and 192MHZ OPERATION.
Modes 2/3/4 (32/44.1/48/88.2/96kHz sample rates): f2 = 94.3104MHz
The FREQMODE[1:0] bits are automatically controlled by the S/PDIF receiver when the receiver is
enabled and do not need to be configured in any particular initial state by the user before the S/PDIF
receiver is enabled.
Refer to Table 27 and Table 28 for details of MCLKDIV and CLKOUTDIV configuration when the
S/PDIF receiver is enabled.
The PLL register settings are configured by default to allow 32/44.1/48/88.2/96kHz (modes 2/3/4)
sample rate S/PDIF receiver operation using a 12MHz crystal clock. The PLL register settings must
be updated if:
Any crystal clock frequency other than 12MHz is used.
OR
A S/PDIF stream with 192kHz sample rate (mode 1) is detected.
In either case, reprogramming of the PLL_N and PLL_K values (and the PRESCALE value,
depending on the crystal frequency) is necessary.
Refer to Table 31 for details of a number of recommended PLL configurations. Many other
configurations are possible; please refer to PLL Configuration section for details regarding how to
calculate alternative settings.
OSC
CLK
(MHz)
PRE-
SCALE
S/PDIF RECEIVER
SAMPLE RATE(S)
(kHz)
F1
(MHz)
F2
(MHz)
R PLL_N
(Hex)
PLL_K
(Hex)
COMMENT
11.2896 0 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 11.2896 94.3104 8.3537 8 16A3B3 Set N, K
11.2896 0 192 11.2896 98.304 8.7075 8 2D4766 Set N, K
12 0 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 12 94.3104 7.8592 7 36FD21 Default Setting
12 0 192 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA Set N, K
12.288 0 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 12.288 94.3104 7.675 7 2B3333 Set K
12.288 0 192 12.288 98.304 8 8 0 Set N, K
19.2 1 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 9.6 94.3104 9.824 9 346C6A Set Prescale, N, K
19.2 1 192 9.6 98.304 10.24 A F5C28 Set Prescale, N, K
24 1 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 12 94.3104 7.8592 7 36FD21 Set Prescale
24 1 192 12 98.304 8.192 8 C49BA Set Prescale, N, K
27 1 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 13.5 94.3104 6.986 6 3F19E5 Set Prescale, N, K
27 1 192 13.5 98.304 7.2818 7 1208A5 Set Prescale, K
Table 31 S/PDIF Receive Mode PLL Initial Configuration Examples
The recommended configuration sequences are as follows:
TO INITIALLY CONFIGURE THE SYSTEM FOR S/PDIF RECEIVER STARTUP:
1. Write appropriate calculated values (relative to oscillator frequency) to PRESCALE,
PLL_N and PLL_K registers for 32/44.1/48/88.2/96kHz (modes 2/3/4) S/PDIF
receiver sample rate operation.
2. Enable PLL by clearing PLLPD bit.
3. Enable S/PDIF receiver by clearing SPDIFRXPD bit.
4. Read S/PDIF Status Register REC_FREQ[1:0] bits to identify recovered S/PDIF
sample frequency and clocking mode.
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5. If indicated sample rate is 192kHz, then the user must know what the sampling
frequency is (176.4kHz or 192kHz) since these cannot be distinguished. The user
should then write appropriate calculated values (relative to oscillator frequency) to
PRESCALE, PLL_N and PLL_K for 176.4/192kHz (mode 1) S/PDIF receiver sample
rate operation.
TO CONFIGURE THE SYSTEM WHEN CLOCKING MODE (SAMPLE RATE) CHANGES TO OR
FROM MODE 1 (176.4/192KHZ):
Any sample rate change between clocking modes (for example, from 44.1kHz (mode 3) to 192kHz
(mode 1)) will be flagged to the application processor via the INT_N interrupt flag. The application
processor must then read the Interrupt Status Register. If the UPD_REC_FREQ flag is set, indicating
that the clocking mode has changed, proceed as follows:
1. Read S/PDIF Status Register REC_FREQ[1:0] bits to identify recovered S/PDIF
sample rate frequency and clocking mode. If “192kHz” is indicated then since this is
indistinguishable from 176.4kHz, the user must be aware of what the sampling
frequency is.
2. Write appropriate calculated values (relative to oscillator frequency) to PLL_N and
PLL_K based on indicated recovered S/PDIF sample frequency and clocking mode.
This procedure is only strictly necessary when switching to or from mode 1 because the PLL_N and
PLL_K values are the same for 32/44.1/48/88.2/96kHz (modes 2/3/4) sample rate operation. It is,
however, good interrupt service routine practice to write the appropriate PLL_N and PLL_K values
when every clocking mode change is detected. The setup for 176.4 kHz and 192kHz are however
slightly different. The setting up of these different configurations are described in the following
paragraphs.
176.4KHZ OR 192K MODE ENABLE
The difference between a sample rate of 176.4kHz and 192kHz requires the system to be configured
slightly differently. This requires that the S/PDIF Rx sample rates are known (176.4kHz or 192kHz).
Both sampling frequencies also require that the register bit SPD_192K_EN is set to a 1. If the
SPD_192K_EN register bit is not set to a 1, then TRANS_ERR errors will be generated and this will
result in the UNLOCK status being continually set (indicating an UNLOCK status).
176.4KHZ OPERATION
To operate at fs=176.4 kHz, then the PLL_K and PLL_N settings should be set up as in mode 2/3/4.
In this case the the PLL will lock onto the S/PDIF Rx data stream correctly if fs=176.4kHz. If however
the sample rate is changed to fs=192kHz (and the PLL is not reconfigured) then the S/PDIF Rx
interface will indicate UNLOCK and TRANS_ERR. The UNLOCK signal will continually toggle
between a locked and unlocked state.
192KHZ OPERATION
To operate at fs=192kHz, then the PLL_K and PLL_N settings should be set up as in mode 1. In this
case the the PLL will lock onto the S/PDIF Rx data stream correctly if fs=192kHz. If however the
sample rate is changed to fs=176.4kHz (and the PLL is not reconfigured) then the S/PDIF Rx
interface will indicate UNLOCK and TRANS_ERR. The UNLOCK signal will continually toggle
between a locked and unlocked state. Note that this is the default setting for hardware mode.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R29
SPDRX1
1Dh
7 SPD_192K_EN 1 S/PDIF Receiver 192kHz support
enable
0 = disabled, S/PDIF receiver
maximum supported sampling
frequency is 96kHz
1 = enabled, S/PDIF receiver
maximum supported sampling
frequency is 192kHz
Table 32 176.4/192 kHz Sample Rate Enable
xIN XOUT S/PD‘F RX S/PDIF TX f TXSRC OSC E E V DSCCLK a PLL r2 mar/1‘) DIV FREOMODE “4U“, MCLK CLKOUT
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HARDWARE MODE INTERNAL CLOCKING
In hardware mode, the user has no access to the internal clocking control registers and hence a
default configuration is loaded at reset to provide maximum functionality.
An overview of the hardware mode clocking scheme is shown in Figure 17.
Figure 17 Hardware Mode Clocking Scheme Overview
The S/PDIF receiver is enabled and hence the PLL operates in S/PDIF receiver mode and all PLL
and S/PDIF receiver control is fully automatic. All supported S/PDIF receiver sample rates can be
used. Note also that the SPD_192K_EN register bit is set by default, thus supporting 192kHz
sampling rate.
The clock source for the S/PDIF transmitter is selected by TXSRC, which is latched from the
CSB/GPO1 pin at reset. The clock source for the MCLK pin is selected by the AIF_MS bit which is
latched from the SCLK pin at reset.
FREQMODE control is fully automatic to ensure that the MCLK output is maintained at 256fs relative
to the S/PDIF received sample rate.
In hardware mode, the OSCCLK must be 12MHz and hence the external crystal (or applied XIN
clock) must be 12MHz. No other OSCCLK frequencies are supported in hardware mode.
Please refer to the Software Mode Internal Clocking section for detailed descriptions of the
component blocks used in hardware mode.
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S/PDIF TRANSMITTER
The S/PDIF transmitter generates the S/PDIF frames, and outputs on the TX0 pin. The transmitted
data can be sourced from one of two places, selectable using the TXSRC register. The transmitter
can be powered down using the SPDIFTXD register bit.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R6
PLL4
06H
5 TXVAL_SF0 0 Overwrite Mode S/PDIF Transmitter Validity Sub-
Frame 0
0 = transmit validity = 0
1 = transmit validity = 1
6 TXVAL_SF1 0 Overwrite Mode S/PDIF Transmitter Validity Sub-
Frame 1
0 = transmit validity = 0
1 = transmit validity = 1
7 TXVAL_
OVWR
0 S/PDIF Transmitter Validity Overwrite Mode Enable
0 = disabled, validity bit is 0 when the S/PDIF
transmitter sources PCM audio interface, or it matches
the S/PDIF input validity when the S/PDIF transmitter
sources the S/PDIF receiver.
1 = enabled, validity bit transmitted for subframe 0 is
defined by TXVAL_SF0, validity bit transmitted for
subframe 1 is defined by TXVAL_SF1.
R21
SPDTX4
15h
6 TXSRC 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Data Source
0 = S/PDIF received data.
1 = Audio interface received data
7 TXSTATSRC 0 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Data Source
0 = Received channel status data
1 = Transmit channel status registers
Note 1: Only used if TXSRC=0
Note 2: See section User Data below
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
2 SPDIFTXPD 1
S/PDIF Transmitter Powerdown Enable
0 = S/PDIF transmitter enabled
1 = S/PDIF transmitter disabled
Table 33 S/PDIF Transmitter Control
The WM8804 also transmits the preamble and VUCP bits (Validity, User Data, Channel Status and
Parity bits).
VALIDITY BIT
By default, set to 0 (to indicate valid data) with the following exceptions:
1. TXSRC=0 (S/PDIF receiver), where Validity is the value recovered from the S/PDIF input
stream by the S/PDIF receiver.
2. TXVAL_OVWR=1, where Validity is the value set in registers TXVAL_SF0 and TXVAL_SF1.
USER DATA
Set to 0 as User Data configuration is not supported in the WM8804 – if TXSRC=0 and TXSTATSRC
=0 (S/PDIF receiver) User Data is set by the receiver.
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CHANNEL STATUS
The Channel Status bits form a 192-frame block transmitted one bit per sub-frame. Each sub-frame
forms its own 192-frame block. The WM8804 is a consumer mode device and only the first 40 bits of
the block are used. All data transmitted from the WM8804 is stereo, so the channel status data is the
same for both channels. The only exception to this is the channel number bits [23:20] which can be
changed to indicate if the channel is left or right in the stereo image. Bits within this block can be
configured by setting the S/PDIF Transmitter Control registers (see Table 34 to Table 38). If TXSRC
is set to configure the S/PDIF receiver as the transmit data source, the channel status bits are
transmitted with the same values recovered by the receiver – unless TXSTATSRC is set, in which
case they are set by the S/PDIF Transmitter Control registers.
PARITY BIT
This bit maintains even parity for data as a means of basic error detection. It is generated by the
transmitter.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R18
SPDTX1
12h
0 CON/PRO 0 0 Use Of Channel Status Block
0 = Consumer Mode
1 = Professional Mode (not supported by
WM8804).
1 AUDIO_N 1 0 Linear PCM Identification.
0 = S/PDIF transmitted data is audio PCM.
1 = S/PDIF transmitted data is not audio
PCM.
2 CPY_N 2 0 Copyright Information
0 = Transmitted data has copyright
asserted.
1 = Transmitted data has no copyright
assertion.
5:3 DEEMPH[2:0] 5:3 000 Additional Format Information
000 = Data from Audio interface has no pre-
emphasis.
001 = Data from Audio interface has pre-
emphasis.
All other modes are reserved and should not
be used.
7:6 CHSTMODE
[1:0]
7:6 00 Channel Status Mode
00 = Only valid mode for consumer
applications.
Table 34 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Bit Control Register 1
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R19
SPDTX2
13h
7:0 CATCODE
[7:0]
15:8 00000000 Category Code
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
0x00h indicates “general” mode.
Table 35 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Bit Control Register 2
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R20
SPDTX3
14h
3:0 SRCNUM
[3:0]
19:16 0000 Source Number
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for full
details.
5:4 CHNUM1[1:0] 21:20
23:22
00 Channel Number for Subframe 1
CHNUM1 Channel Status Bits[21:20] Function
00 Do not use channel number
01 Send to Left Channel
10 Send to Right Channel
11 Do not use channel number
7:6 CHNUM2[1:0] 00 Channel Number for Subframe 2
CHNUM2 Channel Status Bits[23:22] Function
00 Do not use channel number
01 Send to Left Channel
10 Send to Right Channel
11 Do not use channel number
Table 36 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Bit Control Register 3
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R21
SPDTX4
15h
3:0 FREQ[3:0] 27:24 0001 Indicated Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
0001 = Sampling Frequency not indicated.
5:4 CLKACU[1:0] 29:28 11 Clock Accuracy of Transmitted Clock
00 = Level II
01 = Level I
10 = Level III
11 = Interface frame rate not matched to
sampling frequency.
Table 37 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Bit Control Register 4
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R22
SPDTX5
16h
0 MAXWL 32 1 Maximum Audio Sample Word Length
0 = 20 bits
1 = 24 bits
3:1 TXWL[2:0] 35:33 101 Audio Sample Word Length.
Used with MAXWL to indicate Tx word
length
000 = Word length not indicated
TXWL[2:0] MAXWL==1 MAXWL==0
001 20 bits 16 bits
010 22 bits 18 bits
100 23 bits 19 bits
101 24 bits 20 bits
110 21 bits 17 bits
All other combinations reserved
7:4 ORGSAMP
[3:0]
39:36 0000 Original Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
Table 38 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Bit Control Register 5
S/PDIF RECEIVER
The S/PDIF receiver has one input. This input can be configured as either single ended CMOS or as
a 500mVp-p comparator input, depending upon the state of the SPDIFINMODE register. The S/PDIF
receiver can be powered down if not in use by setting the SPDIFRXPD register bit. If the S/PDIF
receiver is powered down the system will wait until the end of the current S/PDIF frame before
powering down.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
1 SPDIFRXPD 1 S/PDIF Receiver Powerdown
0 = S/PDIF receiver enabled
1 = S/PDIF receiver disabled
R9
SPDMODE
09h
0 SPDIFINMODE 1 S/PDIF Input Mode Select
Selects the input circuit type for the receiver input.
0 = CMOS input
1 = Comparator input. Compatible with 500mVppAC
coupled consumer S/PDIF input signals. Refer to
S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for full details.
Table 39 S/PDIF Receiver Input Selection Registers
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AUDIO DATA HANDLING
The S/PDIF receiver recovers the data and VUCP bits from each sub-frame. The WM8804 can
detect when the data is not in PCM format. See Non-Audio Detection section for more detail.
The received data can also be output over the audio interfaces in any of the data formats supported,
or data may also be re-transmitted on TX0, de-jittering the data stream.
USER DATA
The WM8804 can output recovered user data via the GPO pins. See Table 52 for General Purpose
Pin control.
CHANNEL STATUS DATA
The channel status bits are recovered from the incoming S/PDIF Rx data stream and are used to
control various functions of the device.
The S/PDIFRx interface always receives 24 bits of data in bits 4 to 27 of the SPDIF payload. The
audio sample can be either 20 bits if AUX bits not used or up to 24bits if AUX bits used. So the audio
sample can be 20,21,22,23 or 24 bit. The source (wherever the S/PDIF data is coming from) of the
S/PDIF data stream must set the MAXWL and RXWL within the status bits to indicate the size of the
audio sample. This is then recovered by the S/PDIF Rx interface. The S/PDIF Rx interface ALWAYS
receives 24 bits, but if the actual length of the audio data sample (indicated by MAXWL and RXWL)
is less than 24 bits, then the user has the option to truncate these 24 bits to the actual size. These
truncated bits are then sent to either the SPDIF Tx or the AIF. Truncation may allow users to process
data faster. If the user does not want this truncation to happen then they must mask the truncation
using the WL_MASK. In this case all 24 bits of data received are transferred.
The audio data sample can be transferred to either the AIF or the SPDIF Tx.
When the audio data sample is transferred to the AIF, and if the AIF is operating in a mode which
has less data bits, then the WM8804 will reduce the audio data sample to the length of the AIF. For
example, if the AIF is operating in 16 bit mode, but the SPDIF Rx receives an audio data sample
length of 21 bits, then the WM8804 will reduce the 21 bits to 16 bits by removing the LSBs. This
cannot be masked. If the AIF is operating in 24 bit mode, then the full 21 bits are transferred on the
AIF, with the LSBs set to 000.
When the audio data sample is transferred to the SPDIF TX, then the full audio data sample (24 bits)
is written to the SPDIF Tx. Unless it has been truncated using the WL-MASK bits
It is assumed that the channel status is stereo and hence only channel one data is read. The channel
status data is stored in five read-only registers which can be read back over the serial interface (see
Serial Interface Read-back). The CSUD interrupt is asserted when the recovered channel status data
is different to that currently stored in the read only registers. The registers are updated and the
interrupt is asserted when the last bit of channels status data is recovered. The interrupt will remain
asserted until one of the channel status registers is read. If another change to channel status data
occurs before the last block has been read, the interrupt will de-assert when the first bit of differing
channel status is received and will be asserted again when the last bit of the current channel status
block is received.
The register descriptions for the channel status bits are given in Table 40 to Table 44.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R13
RXCHAN1
0Dh
(read-only)
0 CON/PRO 0 0 Use Of Channel Status Block
0 = Consumer Mode
1 = Professional Mode
The WM8804 is a consumer mode device.
Detection of professional mode may give
erroneous behaviour.
1 AUDIO_N 1 0 Linear PCM Identification
0 = Data word represents audio PCM
samples.
1 = Data word does not represent audio
PCM samples.
2 CPY_N 2 0 Copyright Information
0 = Copyright is asserted for Rx data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for Rx data.
3 DEEMPH 3 0 Additional Format Information
0 = Recovered S/PDIF data has no pre-
emphasis.
1 = Recovered S/PDIF data has pre-
emphasis.
5:4 Reserved 5:4 00 Reserved for additional de-emphasis modes.
7:6 CHSTMODE
[1:0]
7:6 00 Channel Status Mode
00 = Only valid mode for consumer
applications.
Table 40 S/PDIF Receiver Channel Status Register 1
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R14
RXCHAN2
0Eh
(read-only)
7:0 CATCODE
[7:0]
15:8 00000000 Category Code
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
0x00h indicates “general” mode.
Table 41 S/PDIF Receiver Channel Status Register 2
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R15
RXCHAN3
0Fh
(read-only)
3:0 SRCNUM
[3:0]
19:16 0000 S/PDIF Source Number
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
5:4 CHNUM1[1:0] 21:20 00 Channel Number for Sub-frame 1
00 = do not use channel number
01 = channel 1 to left channel
10 = channel 1 to right channel
7:6 CHNUM2[1:0] 23:22 00 Channel Number for Sub-frame 2
00 = do not use channel number
01 = channel 2 to left channel
10 = channel 2 to right channel
Table 42 S/PDIF Receiver Channel Status Register 3
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R16
RXCHAN4
10h
(read-only)
3:0 FREQ[3:0] 27:24 0001 Indicated Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
5:4 CLKACU[1:0] 29:28 11 Clock Accuracy of Received Clock
00 = Level II
01 = Level I
10 = Level III
11 = Interface frame rate not matched to
sampling frequency.
Table 43 S/PDIF Receiver Channel Status Register 4
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL CHANNEL
STATUS
BIT
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R17
RXCHAN5
11h
(read-only)
0 MAXWL 32 1 Maximum Audio Sample Word Length
0 = 20 bits
1 = 24 bits
Note: see table in description of bits 3:1 of
this register,
3:1 RXWL[2:0] 35:33 000 Audio Sample Word Length
000: Word length not indicated
RXWL[2:0] MAXWL==1 MAXWL==0
001 20 bits 16 bits
010 22 bits 18 bits
100 23 bits 19 bits
101 24 bits 20 bits
110 21 bits 17 bits
All other combinations are reserved and
should not be used. See note 1.
7:4 ORGSAMP
[3:0]
39:36 0000 Original Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3)
for full details.
Table 44 S/PDIF Receiver Channel Status Register 5
Note 1: MAXWL and RXWL[2:0] bits in recovered channel status data are used to truncate digital audio
interface transmitted data. Truncation replaces the lower data bits with 0. Truncation can be masked
using the WL_MASK control bit. Truncation can be masked by the WL_MASK Refer to received
channel status bit description.
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S/PDIF RECEIVER STATUS FLAGS
There are several S/PDIF receiver status flags which are recorded by the WM8804. The flags are
described in Table 45. These flags are available via GPIO pins or status registers.
FLAG DESCRIPTION VISIBILITY
UNLOCK Unlock Flag
Indicates that the S/PDIF Rx clock recovery circuit is unlocked.
0 = Locked onto incoming S/PDIF stream.
1 = Not locked onto the incoming S/PDIF stream.
S/PDIF Status
Register,
GPO,
CSB –hardware mode
INVALID Invalid Flag
Indicates that recovered S/PDIF data is marked as invalid.
0 = Data marked as valid
1 = Data marked as invalid
Interrupt Status Reg
TRANS_ERR Transmission Error Flag
Indicates that a transmission error has occurred. This signal is asserted
when the preamble sequence is incorrectly received or there is a parity
error or a bi-phase mark encoding error.
0 = No error detected in transmission
1 = Error in transmission
Interrupt Status Reg,
GPO,
SCLK –hardware
mode
AUDIO_N Audio Status Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit 1.
0 = Data word represents audio PCM samples.
1 = Data word does not represent audio PCM samples.
Channel Status
Register,
S/PDIF Status
Register
PCM_N Non-PCM Flag
Indicates that non-audio code (defined in IEC-61937) has been detected.
0 = Sync code not detected.
1 = Sync code detected – received data is not audio PCM.
S/PDIF Status
Register
ZEROFLAG Zero Flag
Indicates detection of 1024 consecutive all zero frames
0 = 1024 consecutive all zero frames not detected
1 = 1024 consecutive all zero frames detected
GPO
CPY_N Non-Copyright Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit 2.
0 = Copyright is asserted for this data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for this data.
Note this signal is inverted and will cause an interrupt on logic 0.
Channel Status
Register,
S/PDIF Status
Register,
GPO
REC_FREQ[1:0] Recovered Frequency Flag
Indicates recovered S/PDIF clock frequency:
00 = 192kHz
01 = 96kHz or 88.2kHz
10 = 48kHz or 44.1kHz
11 = 32kHz
S/PDIF Status
Register
INT_N Interrupt Signal
0 = Interrupt has occurred
1 = No interrupt has occurred
GPO
V Recovered validity bit for current sub-frame GPO
U Recovered user bit for current sub-frame GPO
C Recovered channel status bit for current sub-frame GPO
SFRM_CLK Sub-frame clock.
1 = Current sub-frame is sub-frame A
0 = Current sub-frame is sub -frame B
GPO
192BLK Start OF 192 Frame Sequence Flag
Indicates start of 192 frame block. Asserted duration of frame 0.
GPO
GEN_FLAG
General Error Flag
Logical OR of TRANS_ERR, NON_AUDIO and UNLOCK. Used only in
Hardware Control Mode
GPO0 - hardware
Mode
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NON_AUDIO Non-Audio Flag
Logical OR of PCM_N and AUDIO_N
Interrupt status
register,
GPO,
SDOUT - hardware
mode
CSUD Channel Status Update
Indicates that channel status registers have updated and may be read back
over the serial interface.
Interrupt status
register,
GPO
DEEMPH De-emphasis Flag
0 = Recovered data has no pre-emphasis
1 = Recovered data has pre-emphasis
S/PDIF Status
Register,
GPO
Table 45 S/PDIF Receiver Status Flags Description
‘WITH FLAGS’ MODE
The WM8804 features a ‘With Flags’ mode to enable the user to append status flags to the audio
sample streamed transmitted from the digital audio interface. When WITHFLAG is set to 1 ‘With
Flags’ mode is enabled and the flags in Table 47 are appended to the LSB of the audio sample. If
WITHFLAG is set to 0 ‘With Flags’ mode is disabled and only the audio sample is transmitted from
the digital audio interface.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R29
SPDRX1
1Dh
4 WITHFLAG 0 Enable With Flags Mode
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Table 46 With Flags Mode Control Register
WITH FLAGS BIT ORDER FLAG
0 V
1 U
2 C
3 192BLK
4 CSUD
5 TRANS_ERR
6 UNLOCK
7 NON_AUDIO
Table 47 Flags Appended to Audio Sample in ‘With Flags’ Mode
Diagrams illustrating ‘With Flags’ mode for each audio data format can be found on page 48 of the
data sheet (Figure 23 to Figure 27).
Note: 24-bit RJ digital audio interface mode does not support ‘With Flags’ mode.
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INTERRUPT GENERATION
The INT_N flag indicates that a change of status has occurred on one or more of the UNLOCK,
INVALID, TRANS_ERR, CSUD, NON_AUDIO, CPY_N, REC_FREQ or DEEMPH status flags. To
identify which flag caused the interrupt, the Interrupt Status Register (INTSTAT) must be read.
INVALID and TRANS_ERR are level sensitive interrupts. When these signals are high an interrupt
will be generated. The interrupt can be cleared by reading the interrupt status register, however, the
interrupt will re-assert if the signal is still high. CSUD and REC_FREQ will generate an interrupt on a
low to high transition and can be cleared by reading the interrupt status register. Once clear the
interrupt will not re-assert until another low to high transition occurs. NON_AUDIO, CPY_N, UNLOCK
and DEEMPH will generate an update signal on any change in flag status. The interrupt and update
signals are latched and will remain asserted until they are cleared by reading the Interrupt Status
Register.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R11
INTSTAT
0Bh
(read-only)
0 UPD_UNLOCK - UNLOCK update signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of UNLOCK flag
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of UNLOCK flag
1 INT_INVALID - INVALID flag interrupt signal
0 = INT_N not caused by INVALID flag
1 = INT_N caused by INVALID flag
2 INT_CSUD - INT_CSUD interrupt signal
0 = INT_N not caused by CSUD flag
1 = INT_N caused by CSUD flag
3 INT_TRANS_ERR - TRANS_ERR flag interrupt signal
0 = INT_N not caused by TRANS_ERR flag
1 = INT_N caused by TRANS_ERR flag
4 UPD_NON_AUDIO - NON_AUDIO update signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of AUDIO_N or PCM_N
flags
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of AUDIO_N or PCM_N flags
5 UPD_CPY_N - CPY_N update signal
0 = INT_N not caused by assertion of CPY_N flag
1 = INT_N caused assertion of CPY_N flag
6 UPD_DEEMPH - DEEMPH update signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of DEEMPH flag
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of DEEMPH flag
7 UPD_REC_FREQ - REC_FREQ update signal
0 = INT_N not caused by assertion of REC_FREQ flag
1 = INT_N caused by assertion of REC_FREQ flag
Table 48 Interrupt Status Register
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Where the INT_N has been asserted by an update signal (UPD_NON_AUDIO, UPD_CPY_N,
UPD_REC_FREQ, UPD_UNLOCK or UPD_DEEMPH) the S/PDIF Status Register (SPDSTAT) can
be interrogated to establish the updated value of the flag.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R12
SPDSTAT
0Ch
(read-only)
0 AUDIO_N -
Audio Status Flag
Recovered channel status bit-1.
0 = Data word represents audio PCM samples.
1 = Data word does not represent audio PCM samples.
1 PCM_N - Non-PCM Flag
Indicates that non-audio code (defined in IEC-61937) has
been detected.
0 = Sync code not detected.
1 = Sync code detected – received data is not audio PCM.
2 CPY_N - Non-Copyright Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit-2.
0 = Copyright is asserted for this data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for this data.
3 DEEMPH - De-emphasis Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit-3.
0 = Copyright is asserted for this data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for this data.
5:4 REC_FREQ
[1:0]
-- Recovered Frequency Flag
Indicates recovered S/PDIF clock frequency:
00 = 192kHz
01 = 96kHz or 88.2kHz
10 = 48kHz or 44.1kHz
11 = 32kHz
6 UNLOCK - Unlock Flag
Indicates that the S/PDIF Rx clock recovery circuit is
unlocked.
0 = Locked onto incoming S/PDIF stream.
1 = Not locked onto the incoming S/PDIF stream.
Table 49 S/PDIF Status Register
The interrupt and update signals used to generate INT_N can be masked at the users discretion. The
MASK register bit (Table 50) prevents flags from asserting INT_N and from updating the Interrupt
Status Register.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R10
INTMASK
0Ah
7:0 MASK[7:0]
00000000 Interrupt Mask Enable
When a flag is masked, it does not update the Interrupt Status
Register or cause an INT_N interrupt to be asserted.
0 = unmask, 1 = mask.
MASK[0] = mask control for UPD_UNLOCK
MASK[1] = mask control for INT_INVALID
MASK[2] = mask control for INT_CSUD
MASK[3] = mask control for INT_TRANS_ERR
MASK[4] = mask control for UPD_NON_AUDIO
MASK[5] = mask control for UPD_CPY_N
MASK[6] = mask control for UPD_DEEMPH
MASK[7] = mask control for UPD_REC_FREQ
Table 50 Interrupt Mask Control Register
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ERROR HANDLING IN SOFTWARE MODE
When the TRANS_ERR flag is asserted, it indicates that the recovered Rx S/PDIF sub-frame is
corrupted. This corruption can due to a BI-Phase error, a parity error or a pre-amble error. When the
INVALID flag is asserted, it indicates that the recovered Rx S/PDIF sub-frame has been marked as
being invalid by the source of the S/PDIF data. Both TRANS_ERR and INVALID indicate an error.
The S/PDIF receiver has two modes of handling for these errors, manual and automatic. The
mechanism for each flag is similar. The mechanisms are described below.
MANUAL ERROR HANDLING
This manual handling of errored Rx S/PDIF data can be used when an application processor is being
interrupted via the INT_N signal. Appropriate action should be taken by the application processor to
handle the error condition
If the TRANS_ERR and INVALID error flags are not masked using the MASK register, the recovered
S/PDIF Rx data is passed to the digital audio interface or to the S/PDIF transmitter irrespective of the
state of the flag and the data content of the recovered stream.(Also refer to note below). In this case,
the application processor will be interrupted via the INT_N signal.
AUTOMATIC ERROR HANDLING
This automatic handling of errored Rx S/PDIF data can be used when an application processor is not
being interrupted via the INT_N signal leaving the WM8804 to handle the error condition.
If the TRANS_ERR and INVALID error flags are masked using the MASK register, the WM8804
output data from the S/PDIF Rx interface depends on the setting of FILLMODE. If FILLMODE=1,
then the incoming data (which is errored) is overwritten with 0’s. If FILLMODE=0, then the last valid
data sample is repeatedly output.
For the INVALID flag, the automatic error handling can be disabled if ALWAYSVALID =1. If
ALWAYSVALID is set, then the recovered Rx S/PDIF data, which is marked as invalid, will be
allowed to pass to the digital audio interface or to the S/PDIF transmitter. The data will not be
modified in any way.
Note:
For the S/PDIF receiver to S/PDIF transmitter data path, only the INVALID flag will cause data to be
overwritten, the TRANS_ERR flag is not used to overwrite data which is passed to the S/PDIF
transmitter.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R8
PLL6
08h
5 FILLMODE 0 Fill Mode Overwrite Configuration
Determines S/PDIF receiver action when TRANS_ERR or
INVALID flag is masked and error condition sets the flag:
0 = Data from S/PDIF receiver is overwritten with last valid
data sample when flag is set.
1 = Data from S/PDIF receiver is overwritten as all zeros
when flag is set.
6 ALWAYSVALID 0 Automatic Error Handling Configuration for INVALID
Flag
0 = INVALID flag automatic error handling enabled.
1 = INVALID flag automatic error handling disabled.
Table 51 S/PDIF Receiver Automatic Error Handling Configuration Registers
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NON-AUDIO DETECTION
The SPDIF payload can contain PCM data for audio or non-audio applications. In the case where the
payload contains the 96 bit synchronization code defined in IEC61937 then this indicates that the
payload contains data which is not suitable for direct playback through an audio codec. This 96 bit
code is defined as 4*16bits of ‘0’+Pa (16bits)+Pb (16bits)..
If the S/PDIFRx interface decodes this sync code then it sets the PCM_N bit.
When the PCM_N =1, then it indicates non-audio data. When the PCM_N =0, then it indicates that
the SPDIF payload does not contain the synch code..
Another status bit, AUDIO_N status is recovered from the Channel Status block. It is bit 1 of the
channel status. When AUDIO_N =0, then it indicates that the SPDIF payload contains audio PCM
encoded data. This is also referred to as linear PCM data. When the AUDIO_N= 1, then it indicates
that the SPDIF payload does not contain audio PCM data.
NON_AUDIO data is indicated by a logical OR of the AUDIO_N and PCM_N flags.
Any change of AUDIO_N or PCM_N status will cause an INT_N interrupt (UPD_NON_AUDIO) to be
generated. If the MASK register bit for AUDIO_N or PCM_N is set, then the associated signal will not
generate an interrupt (UPD_NON_AUDIO).
GENERAL PURPOSE OUTPUT (GPO) CONFIGURATION
The WM8804 has a maximum of three configurable GPO pins depending upon the mode of
operation of the device. By default GPO0 is available, however if 2-wire Software Control Mode is
selected the CSB pin becomes GPO1 and the SDOUT pin becomes GPO2.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R23
GPO0
17h
3:0 GPO0[3:0] 0000
(INT_N)
Flags and status bits available on GPO pins
0000 = INT_N
0001 = V
0010 = U
0011 = C
0100 = TRANS_ERR
0101 = SFRM_CLK
0110 = 192BLK
0111 = UNLOCK
1000 = NON_AUDIO
1001 = CSUD
1010 = DEEMPH
1011 = CPY_N
1100 = ZEROFLAG
1101 = 0
1111 = 0
Note 1: GPO1 and GPO2 are only available in 2-
wire software control mode.
Note 2: Refer to Table 45 for signal descriptions
R24
GPO1
18h
3:0 GPO1[3:0] 0111
(UNLOCK)
R26
GPO2
1Ah
7:4 GPO2[3:0] 0100
(TRANS_ERR)
Table 52 GPO Control Registers
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DIGITAL AUDIO INTERFACE
Audio data is transferred to and from the WM8804 via the digital audio interface. Data from the digital
audio interface transmitter may be passed to the S/PDIF transmitter or data from the S/PDIF receiver
may be output on the digital audio interface receiver. The digital audio interface can be powered
down using the AIFPD register bit described in Table 53.
REGISTER ADDRESS BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
5 AIFPD 1 Digital Audio Interface Power
Down
1 = Power down
0 = Power up
Table 53 Digital Audio Interface Power Down Control
MASTER AND SLAVE MODES
The audio interface operates in either slave or master mode, selectable using the AIF_MS bit (see
Table 55). In both master and slave modes DIN is always an input and DOUT is always an output.
The default is slave mode.
In slave mode (AIF_MS=0), LRCLK and BCLK are inputs. DIN and LRCLK are sampled on the rising
edge of BCLK. Data output, DOUT, changes on the falling edge of BCLK and the polarity of BCLK
may be reversed independently on the transmit and receive sides of the interface using the
AIFRX_BCP and AIFTX_BCP control bits, see Table 56.
In master mode (AIF_MS=1), LRCLK and BCLK are generated by the WM8804. As in slave mode,
DIN is sampled on the rising edge of BCLK, and DOUT changes on the falling edge of BCLK and the
polarity of BCLK may be reversed the transmit and receive sides of the interface with the
AIFRX_BCP and AIFTX_BCP control bits.
The frequencies of LRCLK are derived from MCLK and are dependant on the MCLKDIV control bit.
Table 54 shows the settings for MCLKDIV for common sample rates and MCLK frequencies.
SAMPLING
RATE
(LRCLK)
MASTER CLOCK (MCLK) FREQUENCY
(MHZ)
128fs 256fs
MCLKDIV = 1 MCLKDIV = 0
32kHz 4.096 8.192
44.1kHz 5.6448 11.2896
48kHz 6.144 12.288
96kHz 12.288 24.576
192kHz 24.576 Unavailable
Table 54 Master Mode LRCLK Frequency Selection
BCLK is also generated by the WM8804. The frequency of BCLK depends on the mode of operation.
In 128fs mode (MCLKDIV = 1) BCLK = MCLK/2. In 256fs mode (MCLKDIV = 0) BCLK = MCLK/4.
However if DSP mode is selected as the audio interface mode then BCLK=MCLK. Note that DSP
mode cannot be used in 128fs mode for data word lengths greater than 16-bits.
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Master/slave mode is selected with the following register:
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R28
AIFRX
1Ch
6 AIF_MS 0 Audio Interface Master/Slave Mode Select
0 = Slave mode – MCLK, LRCLK and BCLK
are inputs
1 = Master mode – MCLK, LRCLK and BCLK
are outputs
7 SYNC_
OFF
0 Audio Interface Clock Output Enable
Enables BCLK and LRCLK out when external
S/PDIF source has been removed (master
mode only)
0 = LRCLK, BCLK are not output when S/PDIF
source has been removed
1= LRCLK, BCLK output when S/PDIF source
has been removed
Table 55 Master/Slave Mode Select Register
When operating in master mode, then the BCLK and LRCLK are derived from the sample rate of the
S/PDIF received signal. If the S/PDIF receive data signal is removed (unplugged) then by default the
AIF BCLK and LRCLK will not be output. This can be reconfigured to allow these clocks to continue
outputting when the source is removed using the SYNC_OFF bit in register R28.
AUDIO DATA FORMATS
Five interface formats are supported:
Left Justified Mode
Right Justified Mode
I
2S Mode
DSP Mode A
DSP Mode B
The MSB is sent first in all formats. Word lengths of 16, 20 and 24 bits are supported.
Audio data for each stereo channel is clocked with the BCLK signal. Data is time multiplexed with the
LRCLK, indicating whether the left or right channel data is present. The LRCLK is also used as a
timing reference to indicate the beginning or end of the data words.
In Left Justified, Right Justified and I2S modes the minimum number of BCLKs per LRCLK period is
two times the number of bits in the selected word length. LRCLK must be high for a minimum of n
BCLKs and low for a minimum of n BCLKs, where n is the number of bits in an audio word. Any mark
to space ratio on LRCLK is acceptable provided the above requirements are met.
The data may also be output in DSP Mode A or Mode B, with LRCLK used as a frame sync to
identify the MSB of the first word. The minimum number of BCLKs per LRCLK period is two times the
number of bits in the word length.
LEFT JUSTIFIED MODE
In Left Justified mode, the MSB of DIN is sampled by the WM8804 on the first rising edge of BCLK
following an LRCLK transition. The MSB of the output data (DOUT) changes on the same falling
edge of BCLK as LRCLK and may be sampled on the next rising edge of BCLK. LRCLK is high
during the left samples and low during the right samples (Figure 18).
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LEFT CHANNEL RIGHT CHANNEL
LRCLK
BCLK
DIN / DOUT
1/fs
n32 1 n-2 n-1
LSBMSB
n 321 n-2 n-1
LSB MSB
Figure 18 Left Justified Mode
RIGHT JUSTIFIED MODE
In Right Justified Mode, the LSB of DIN is sampled by the WM8804 on the rising edge of BCLK
preceding an LRCLK transition. The LSB of the output data (DOUT) changes on the falling edge of
BCLK preceding an LRCLK transition, and may be sampled on the next rising edge of BCLK. LRCLK
is high during the left samples and low during the right samples (Figure 19).
LEFT CHANNEL RIGHT CHANNEL
LRCLK
BCLK
DIN / DOUT
1/fs
n321 n-2 n-1
LSBMSB
n 3 21 n-2 n-1
LSBMSB
Figure 19 Right Justified Mode
I2S MODE
In I2S Mode, the MSB of DIN is sampled by the WM8804 on the second rising edge of BCLK
following an LRCLK transition. The MSB of the output data changes on the first falling edge of BCLK
following an LRCLK transition, and may be sampled on the next rising edge of BCLK. LRCLK is low
during the left samples and high during the right samples (Figure 20).
LEFT CHANNEL RIGHT CHANNEL
LRCLK
BCLK
DIN / DOUT
1/fs
n321 n-2 n-1
LSB
MSB
n 321 n-2 n-1
LSB
MSB
1 BCLK
1 BCLK
Figure 20 I2S Mode
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DSP MODE A
In DSP Mode A, the MSB of the left channel data is sampled by the WM8804 on the second rising
edge of BCLK following an LRCLK rising edge. The right channel data follows the left channel data
(Figure 21).
The MSB of the left channel of the output data changes on the first falling edge of BCLK following a
low to high LRCLK transition and may be sampled on the rising edge of BCLK. The right channel
data is contiguous with the left channel data (Figure 21).
LRCLK
BCLK
DIN / DOUT
Input Word Length (IWL)
1/fs
LEFT
n2 1 n-1
LSBMSB
n21 n-1
RIGHT NO VALID DATA
1 BCLK 1 BCLK
Figure 21 DSP Mode A
DSP MODE B
In DSP Mode B, the MSB of the left channel data is sampled by the WM8804 on the first BCLK rising
edge following a LRCLK rising edge. The right channel data follows the left channel data (Figure 22).
The MSB of the output data changes on the same falling edge of BCLK as the low to high LRCLK
transition and may be sampled on the rising edge of BCLK. The right channel data is contiguous with
the left channel data (Figure 22).
LRCLK
BCLK
DIN / DOUT
Input Word Length (IWL)
1/fs
LEFT
n2 1 n-1
LSBMSB
n21 n-1
RIGHT NO VALID DATA
1
Figure 22 DSP Mode B
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‘WITH FLAGS’ MODE
The following diagrams illustrate the position of the status flags within the audio sample for each
audio data format when ‘With Flags’ Mode is enabled. ‘With Flags’ Mode is only available on pin
DOUT. The WM8804 does not support Right Justified 24-Bit ‘With Flags’ Mode.
Figure 23 Left Justified ‘With Flags’ Mode
Figure 24 Right Justified ‘With Flags’ Mode
Figure 25 I2S ‘With Flags’ Mode
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Figure 26 DSP Mode A ‘With Flags’
Figure 27 DSP Mode B ‘With Flags’
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AUDIO INTERFACE CONTROL
The register bits controlling the audio interface are summarised below. Note that dynamically
changing the audio data format may cause erroneous operation, and hence is not recommended.
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R29
SPDIFRX1
1Dh
4 WITHFLAG 0 ‘With Flags’ Mode Select
0: ‘With Flags’ Mode disabled (see Note 3)
1: ‘With Flags’ Mode enabled
6 WL_MASK 0 S/PDIF Receiver Word Length Truncation
Mask
0 = disabled, data word is truncated as
described in Table 44 S/PDIF Receiver
Channel Status Register 5
1 = enabled, data word is not truncated.
R27
AIFTX
1Bh
1:0 AIFTX_FMT[1:0] 10 Audio Data Format Select
11: DSP mode
10: I2S mode
01: Left justified mode
00: Right justified mode
3:2 AIFTX_WL[1:0] 01 Audio Data Word Length
11: 24 bits (see notes 1/2/3/6)
10: 24 bits (see notes 1/2/3/6)
01: 20 bits
00: 16 bits
4 AIFTX_BCP 0 BCLK invert (for master and slave modes)
0 = BCLK not inverted
1 = BCLK inverted
5 AIFTX_LRP 0 Right, left and I2S modes – LRCLK polarity and
DSP mode select
1 = invert LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode B
0 = normal LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode A
R28
AIFRX
1Ch
1:0 AIFRX_FMT[1:0] 10 Audio Data Format Select
11: DSP mode
10: I2S mode
01: Left justified mode
00: Right justified mode
3:2 AIFRX_WL[1:0] 01 Audio Data Word Length
11: 24 bits (see note 1/2/3/6)
10: 24 bits
01: 20 bits
00: 16 bits
4 AIFRX_BCP 0 BCLK Invert (for master and slave modes)
0 = BCLK not inverted
1 = BCLK inverted
See Note 4
5 AIFRX_LRP 0 Right, left and I2S modes – LRCLK polarity and
DSP mode select
1 = invert LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode B
0 = normal LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode A
See Note 5
Table 56 Audio Interface Control
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Note 1: S/PDIF data frames contain a maximum of 24-bits of audio data.
Note 2: In 24 bit I2S mode, any data width of 24 bits or less is supported provided that LRCLK is high
for a minimum of 24 BCLK cycles and low for a minimum of 24 BCLK cycles (48 BCLK
cycles). If exactly 32 BCLK cycles occur in one LRCLK (16 high, 16 low) the chip will auto
detect and operate in 16 bit data word length mode.
Note 3: 24 bit Right Justified ‘With Flags’ Mode is not supported.
Note 4: Must be set to the same value as AIFTX_BCP.
Note 5: Must be set to the same value as AIFTX_LRP.
Note 6: MAXWL and RXWL[2:0] bits in recovered channel status data are used to truncate digital
audio interface transmitted data. The truncation replaces the lower data bits with 0. Refer to
received channel status bit description.
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REGISTER MAP
The complete register map is shown below. The detailed description can be found in the relevant text of the device description. The
WM8804 can be configured using the Control Interface. Any unused bits which are not specified should be set to ‘0’ . Not all
registers can be read. Only the device ID (registers R0, R1 and R2) and the status registers can be read. These status registers
are labelled as “read only”.
REGISTER NAME
ADDRESS
[0:7] B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 DEFAULT
R0
RST/DEVID
1 00 write: RESET read: DEVICEID[7:0] -
R1 DEVID2 01 DEVICEID[15:8] read only
R2 DEVREV 02 0 0 0 0 DEVREV[3:0] read only
R3 PLL1 03 PLL_K[7:0] 00100001
R4 PLL2 04 PLL
_
K
[
15:8
]
11111101
R5 PLL3 05 0 0 PLL
_
K
[
21:16
]
00110110
R6 PLL4 06
TXVAL_
OVWR TXVAL
_
SF1 TXVAL
_
SF0 PRESCALE PLL
_
N
[
3:0
]
00000111
R7 PLL5 07 0 0 CLKOUTDIV
[
1:0
]
MCLKDIV FRACEN FREQMODE
[
1:0
]
00010110
R8 PLL6 08 MCLKSRC ALWAYSVALID FILLMODE CLKOUTDIS CLKOUTSRC 0 0 0 00011000
R9 SPDMODE 09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 SPDIFINMODE 11111111
R10 INTMASK 0A MASK[7:0] 00000000
R11 INTSTAT 0B Interrupt Status read only
R12 SPDSTAT 0C S/PDIF Status read only
R13 RXCHAN1 0D RX Channel Info 1 read only
R14 RXCHAN2 0E RX Channel Info 2 read only
R15 RXCHAN3 0F RX Channel Info 3 read only
R16 RXCHAN4 10 RX Channel Info 4 read only
R17 RXCHAN5 11 RX Channel Info 5 read only
R18 SPDTX1 12 CHSTMODE[1:0] DEEMPH[2:0] CPY_N AUDIO_N CON/PRO 00000000
R19 SPDTX2 13 CATCODE
[
7:0
]
00000000
R20 SPDTX3 14 CHNUM2
[
1:0
]
CHNUM1
[
1:0
]
SRCNUM
[
3:0
]
00000000
R21 SPDTX4 15 TXSTATSRC TXSRC CLKACU
[
1:0
]
FREQ
[
3:0
]
01110001
R22 SPDTX5 16 ORGSAMP
[
3:0
]
TXWL
[
2:0
]
MAXWL 00001011
R23 GPO0 17 0 1 1 1 GPO0[3:0] 01110000
R24 GPO1 18 0 1 0 1 GPO1[3:0] 01010111
R25 19 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 00110110
R26 GPO2 1A GPO2[3:0] 0 0 1 0 01000010
R27 AIFTX 1B 0 0 AIFTX_LRP AIFTX_BCP AIFTX_WL[1:0] AIFTX_FMT[1:0] 00000110
R28 AIFRX 1C SYNC_OFF AIF_MS AIFRX_LRP AIFRX_BCP AIFRX_WL[1:0] AIFRX_FMT[1:0] 00000110
R29 SPDRX1 1D SPD_192K_EN WL_MASK 0 WITHFLAG CONT READMUX[2:0] 10000000
R30 PW RDN 1E 0 0 TRIOP AIFPD OSCPD SPDIFTXPD SPDIFRXPD PLLPD 00000111
Table 57 WM8804 Register Map
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R00
RST/DEVID1
00h
7:0 RESET -
Writing to this register will apply a reset to the
device.
Reading from this register will return the
second part of the device ID
00000101 = 05h
R01
DEVID2
01h
(read only)
7:0 DEVID2 10001000
Reading from this register will return the first
part of the device ID
10001000 = 88h
R02
DEVREV
02h
3:0 DEVREV[3:0] -
R3
PLL1
03h
7:0 PLL_K[7:0] 00100001 Fractional (K) part of PLL frequency ratio (R).
Value K is one 22-digit binary number spread
over registers R3, R4 and R5 as shown.
Note: PLL_K must be set to specific values
when the S/PDIF receiver is used. Refer to
S/PDIF Receiver clocking section for
details.
R4
PLL2
04h
7:0 PLL_K[15:8] 11111101
R5
PLL3
05h
5:0 PLL_K[21:16] 00110110
R6
PLL4
06h
3:0 PLL_N[3:0] 0111 Integer (N) part of PLL frequency ratio (R).
Use values in the range 5 PLL_N 13 as
close as possible to 8
Note: PLL_N must be set to specific values
when the S/PDIF receiver is used. Refer to
S/PDIF Receiver clocking section for
details.
4 PRESCALE 0 PLL Pre-scale Divider Select
0 = Divide by 1 (PLL input clock = oscillator
clock)
1 = Divide by 2 (PLL input clock = oscillator
clock ÷ 2)
5 TXVAL_SF0 0 Overwrite Mode S/PDIF Transmitter Validity
Sub-Frame 0
0 = transmit validity = 0
1 = transmit validity = 1
6 TXVAL_SF1 0 Overwrite Mode S/PDIF Transmitter Validity
Sub-Frame 1
0 = transmit validity = 0
1 = transmit validity = 1
7 TXVAL_
OVWR
0 S/PDIF Transmitter Validity Overwrite Mode
Enable
0 = disabled, validity bit is 0 when the S/PDIF
transmitter sources PCM audio interface, or it
matches the S/PDIF input validity when the
S/PDIF transmitter sources the S/PDIF
receiver.
1 = enabled, validity bit transmitted for
subframe 0 is defined by TXVAL_SF0, validity
bit transmitted for subframe 1 is defined by
TXVAL_SF1.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R7
PLL5
07h
1:0 FREQMODE[1:0]
10
PLL Post-scale Divider Select
Selects the PLL output divider value in
conjunction with MCLKDIV and CLKOUTDIV.
Refer to Table 23 for details of FREQMODE
operation.
Note: FREQMODE[1:0] bits are
automatically set in S/PDIF Receive Mode.
2 FRACEN 1 Integer/Fractional PLL Mode Select
0 = Integer PLL (PLL_N value used, PLL_K
value ignored)
1 = Fractional PLL (both PLL_N and PLL_K
values used)
Note: FRACEN must be set to enable the
fractional PLL when using S/PDIF Receive
Mode.
3 MCLKDIV 0 MCLK Divider Select
(Only valid when CLK2 is selected as MCLK
output source)
See Table 23 for MCLKDIV configuration in
PLL user mode.
See Table 28 for MCLKDIV configuration in
PLL S/PDIF receive mode.
5:4 CLKOUTDIV[1:0] 01 CLKOUT Divider Select
(Only valid when CLK1 is selected as CLKOUT
output source)
See Table 23 for CLKOUTDIV[1:0]
configuration in PLL user mode.
See Table 28 for CLKOUTDIV[1:0]
configuration in PLL S/PDIF receive mode.
R8
PLL6
08h
3 CLKOUTSRC 1 CLKOUT Pin Source Select
0 = Select CLK1
1 = Select OSCCLK
4 CLKOUTDIS 1 CLKOUT Pin Disable
0 = Pin Disabled (Pin tri-stated)
1 = Pin Enabled
5 FILLMODE 0 Fill Mode Select
Determines S/PDIF receiver action when
corrupt or invalid data is detected:
0 = Data from S/PDIF receiver remains static
at last valid sample.
1 = Data from S/PDIF receiver is output as all
zeros.
6 ALWAYSVALID 0 Always Valid Select
Used to ignore the INVALID flag.
0 = Use INVALID flag.
1 = Ignore INVALID flag.
7 MCLKSRC 0 MCLK Output Source Select
0 = Select CLK2
1 = Select OSCCLK
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R9
SPDMODE
09h
0 SPDIFINMODE 1 S/PDIF Input Mode Select
Selects the input circuit type for the receiver
input.
0 = CMOS input
1 = Comparator input. Compatible with
500mVppAC coupled consumer S/PDIF input
signals. Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC
60958-3) for full details.
R10
INTMASK
0Ah
7:0 MASK[7:0] 00000000 Interrupt Mask Enable
When a flag is masked, it does not update the
Interrupt Status Register or cause an INT_N
interrupt to be asserted.
0 = unmask, 1 = mask.
MASK[0] = mask control for UPD_UNLOCK
MASK[1] = mask control for INT_INVALID
MASK[2] = mask control for INT_CSUD
MASK[3] = mask control for INT_TRANS_ERR
MASK[4] = mask control for
UPD_NON_AUDIO
MASK[5] = mask control for UPD_CPY_N
MASK[6] = mask control for UPD_DEEMPH
MASK[7] = mask control for UPD_REC_FREQ
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R11
INTSTAT
0Bh
(read-only)
0 UPD_UNLOCK - UNLOCK Update Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of UNLOCK
flag
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of UNLOCK flag
1 INT_INVALID - INVALID Flag Interrupt Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by INVALID flag
1 = INT_N caused by INVALID flag
2 INT_CSUD - INT_CSUD Interrupt Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by CSUD flag
1 = INT_N caused by CSUD flag
3 INT_TRANS_ERR - TRANS_ERR Flag Interrupt Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by TRANS_ERR flag
1 = INT_N caused by TRANS_ERR flag
4 UPD_NON_AUDIO - NON_AUDIO Update Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of AUDIO_N
or PCM_N flags
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of AUDIO_N or
PCM_N flags
5 UPD_CPY_N - CPY_N Update Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of CPY_N
flag
1 = INT_N caused a toggle of CPY_N flag
6 UPD_DEEMPH - DEEMPH Update Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of DEEMPH
flag
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of DEEMPH flag
7 UPD_REC_FREQ - REC_FREQ Update Signal
0 = INT_N not caused by a toggle of
REC_FREQ flag
1 = INT_N caused by a toggle of REC_FREQ
flag
R12
SPDSTAT
0Ch
(read-only)
0 AUDIO_N -
Audio Status Flag
Recovered channel status bit-1.
0 = Data word represents audio PCM samples.
1 = Data word does not represent audio PCM
samples.
1 PCM_N - Non-PCM Flag
Indicates that non-audio code (defined in IEC-
61937) has been detected.
0 = Sync code not detected.
1 = Sync code detected – received data is not
audio PCM.
2 CPY_N - Non-Copyright Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit-2.
0 = Copyright is asserted for this data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for this data.
3 DEEMPH - De-emphasis Flag
Recovered Channel Status bit-3.
0 = Copyright is asserted for this data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for this data.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
5:4 REC_FREQ
[1:0]
-- Recovered Frequency Flag
Indicates recovered S/PDIF clock frequency:
00 = 192kHz
01 = 96kHz or 88.2kHz
10 = 48kHz or 44.1kHz
11 = 32kHz
6 UNLOCK - Unlock Flag
Indicates that the S/PDIF Rx clock recovery
circuit is unlocked.
0 = Locked onto incoming S/PDIF stream.
1 = Not locked onto the incoming S/PDIF
stream.
R13
RXCHAN1
0Dh
(read-only)
0 CON/PRO 0 Use Of Channel Status Block
0 = Consumer Mode
1 = Professional Mode
The WM8804 is a consumer mode device.
Detection of professional mode may give
erroneous behaviour.
1 AUDIO_N 0 Linear PCM Identification
0 = Data word represents audio PCM samples.
1 = Data word does not represent audio PCM
samples.
2 CPY_N 0 Copyright Information
0 = Copyright is asserted for Rx data.
1 = Copyright is not asserted for Rx data.
3 DEEMPH 0 Additional Format Information
0 = Recovered S/PDIF data has no pre-
emphasis.
1 = Recovered S/PDIF data has pre-emphasis.
5:4 Reserved 00 Reserved for additional de-emphasis modes.
7:6 CHSTMODE
[1:0]
00 Channel Status Mode
00 = Only valid mode for consumer
applications.
R14
RXCHAN2
0Eh
(read-only)
7:0 CATCODE
[7:0]
00000000 Category Code
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
0x00h indicates “general” mode.
R15
RXCHAN3
0Fh
(read-only)
3:0 SRCNUM
[3:0]
0000 S/PDIF Source Number
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
5:4 CHNUM1[1:0] 00 Channel Number For Sub-frame 1
00 = do not use channel number
01 = channel 1 to left channel
10 = channel 1 to right channel
7:6 CHNUM2[1:0] 00 Channel Number For Sub-frame 2
00 = do not use channel number
01 = channel 2 to left channel
10 = channel 2 to right channel
R16
RXCHAN4
3:0 FREQ[3:0] 0001 Indicated Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
10h
(read-only)
5:4 CLKACU[1:0] 11 Clock Accuracy of Received Clock
00 = Level II
01 = Level I
10 = Level III
11 = Interface frame rate not matched to
sampling frequency.
R17
RXCHAN5
11h
(read-only)
0 MAXWL 1 Maximum Audio Sample Word Length
0 = 20 bits
1 = 24 bits
Note: see table in description of bits 3:1 of this
register.
3:1 RXWL[2:0] 000 Audio Sample Word Length
000: Word length not indicated
RXWL[2:0] MAXWL==1 MAXWL==0
001 20 bits 16 bits
010 22 bits 18 bits
100 23 bits 19 bits
101 24 bits 20 bits
110 21 bits 17 bits
All other combinations are reserved and should
not be used.
7:4 ORGSAMP
[3:0]
0000 Original Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
R18
SPDTX1
12h
0 CON/PRO 0 Use Of Channel Status Block
0 = Consumer Mode
1 = Professional Mode (not supported by
WM8804).
1 AUDIO_N 0 Linear PCM Identification
0 = S/PDIF transmitted data is audio PCM.
1 = S/PDIF transmitted data is not audio PCM.
2 CPY_N 0 Copyright Information
0 = Transmitted data has copyright asserted.
1 = Transmitted data has no copyright
assertion.
5:3 DEEMPH[2:0] 000 Additional Format Information
000 = Data from Audio interface has no pre-
emphasis.
001 = Data from Audio interface has pre-
emphasis.
All other modes are reserved and should not
be used.
7:6 CHSTMODE
[1:0]
00 Channel Status Mode
00 = Only valid mode for consumer
applications.
R19
SPDTX2
13h
7:0 CATCODE
[7:0]
00000000 Category Code
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
00h indicates “general” mode.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R20
SPDTX3
14h
3:0 SRCNUM
[3:0]
0000 Source Number
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
5:4 CHNUM1[1:0] 00 Channel Number for Subframe 1
CHNUM1 Channel Status Bits[21:20]
Function
00 Do not use channel number
01 Send to Left Channel
10 Send to Right Channel
11 Do not use channel number
7:6 CHNUM2[1:0] 00 Channel Number for Subframe 2
CHNUM2 Channel Status Bits[23:22]
Function
00 Do not use channel number
01 Send to Left Channel
10 Send to Right Channel
11 Do not use channel number
R21
SPDTX4
15h
3:0 FREQ[3:0] 0001 Indicated Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
0001 = Sampling Frequency not indicated.
5:4 CLKACU[1:0] 11 Clock Accuracy of Transmitted Clock
00 = Level II
01 = Level I
10 = Level III
11 = Interface frame rate not matched to
sampling frequency.
6 TXSRC 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Data Source
0 = S/PDIF Received Data – SPDIFTXCLK
Source = CLK2
1 = Digital Audio Interface Received Data –
SPDIFTXCLK Source = MCLK Input/Output
Signal at MCLK Pin
7 TXSTATSRC 0 S/PDIF Transmitter Channel Status Data
Source
0 = Received channel status data
1 = Transmit channel status registers
Note : Only used if TXSRC=0
R22
SPDTX5
16h
0 MAXWL 1 Maximum Audio Sample Word Length
0 = 20 bits
1 = 24 bits
3:1 TXWL[2:0] 101 Audio Sample Word Length
Used with MAXWL to indicate Tx word length
000 = Word length not indicated
TXWL[2:0] MAXWL==1 MAXWL==0
001 20 bits 16 bits
010 22 bits 18 bits
100 23 bits 19 bits
101 24 bits 20 bits
110 21 bits 17 bits
All other combinations reserved
7:4 ORGSAMP
[3:0]
0000 Original Sampling Frequency
Refer to S/PDIF specification (IEC 60958-3) for
full details.
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R23
GPO0
17h
3:0 GPO0[3:0] 0000 Flags and Status bits available on GPO pins
0000 = INT_N
0001 = V
0010 = U
0011 = C
0100 = TRANS_ERR
0101 = SFRM_CLK
0110 = 192BLK
0111 = UNLOCK
1000 = NON_AUDIO
1001 = CSUD
1010 = DEEMPH
1011 = CPY_N
1100 = ZEROFLAG
1101 = 0
1111 = 0
Note: GPO1 and GPO2 is only available in 2-
wire software control mode.
R24
GPO1
18h
3:0 GPO1[3:0] 0111
R26
GPO2
1Ah
7:4 GPO2[3:0] 0100
R27
AIFTX
1Bh
1:0 AIFTX_FMT[1:0] 10 Audio Data Format Select
11: DSP mode
10: I2S mode
01: Left justified mode
00: Right justified mode
3:2 AIFTX_WL[1:0] 01 Audio Data Word Length Select
11: 24 bits
10: 24 bits
01: 20 bits
00: 16 bits
4 AIFTX_BCP 0 BCLK Invert (for master and slave modes)
0 = BCLK not inverted
1 = BCLK inverted
5 AIFTX_LRP 0 Right, left and I2S modes – LRCLK polarity and
DSP mode select
1 = invert LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode B
0 = normal LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode A
R28
AIFRX
1Ch
1:0 AIFRX_FMT[1:0] 10 Audio Data Format Select
11: DSP mode
10: I2S mode
01: Left justified mode
00: Right justified mode
3:2 AIFRX_WL[1:0] 01 Audio Data Word Length Select
11: 24 bits
10: 24 bits
01: 20 bits
00: 16 bits
4 AIFRX_BCP 0 BCLK Invert (for master and slave modes)
0 = BCLK not inverted
1 = BCLK inverted
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
5 AIFRX_LRP 0 Right, left and I2S modes – LRCLK polarity and
DSP mode select
1 = invert LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode B
0 = normal LRCLK polarity / DSP Mode A
6 AIF_MS 0 Audio Interface Master/Slave Interface
Select
0 = Slave Mode – LRCLK, BCLK are inputs
1= Master Mode – LRCLK and BCLK are
outputs
7 SYNC_OFF 0 Audio Interface Clock Output Enable
Enables BCLK and LRCLK out when external
S/PDIF source has been removed (master
mode only)
0 = LRCLK, BCLK are not output when S/PDIF
source has been removed
1= LRCLK, BCLK output when S/PDIF source
has been removed
R29
SPDRX1
1Dh
2:0 READMUX
[2:0]
000 Status Register Select
Determines which status register is to be read
back:
000 = Interrupt Status Register
001 = Channel Status Register 1
010 = Channel Status Register 2
011 = Channel Status Register 3
100 = Channel Status Register 4
101 = Channel Status Register 5
110 = S/PDIF Status Register
3 CONT 0
Continuous Read Enable
0 = Continuous read-back mode disabled
1 = Continuous read-back mode enabled
4 WITHFLAG 0 ‘With Flags’ Mode Select
0: ‘With Flags’ Mode disabled
1: ‘With Flags’ Mode enabled
6 WL_MASK 0 S/PDIF Receiver Word Length Truncation
Mask
0 = disabled, data word is truncated as
described in Table 44 S/PDIF Receiver
Channel Status Register 5
1 = enabled, data word is not truncated.
7 SPD_192K_EN 1 S/PDIF Receiver 192kHz Support Enable
0 = disabled, S/PDIF receiver maximum
supported sampling frequency is 96kHz
1 = enabled, S/PDIF receiver maximum
supported sampling frequency is 192kHz
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REGISTER
ADDRESS
BIT LABEL DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R30
PWRDN
1Eh
0 PLLPD 1 PLL Powerdown
0 = PLL enabled
1 = PLL disabled
1 SPDIFRXPD 1 S/PDIF Receiver Powerdown
0 = S/PDIF receiver enabled
1 = S/PDIF receiver disabled
2 SPDIFTXPD 1 S/PDIF Transmitter Powerdown
0 = S/PDIF transmitter enabled
1 = S/PDIF transmitter disabled
3 OSCPD 0 Oscillator Power down
0 = Power Up
1 = Power Down
4 AIFPD 0
Digital Audio Interface Power down
0 = Power Up
1 = Power Down
5 TRIOP 0 Tri-state all Outputs
0 = Outputs not tri-stated
1 = Outputs tri-stated
Mm NflNJL/Dm mugm UNLDEK Dang”: 0 m 2 DEW 3 MN 35:8“5” mm m u ., r m 7c: ‘3 mm) smw'nvoz 7qu m saw/WM 5ch m (sway 170mm a mum EPflU/SWFMDDE mm m mm W M w an W mm 41 a Q) }AW Wu 1:qu magma 9/wa mm 5% mm \mpeduncc = ‘EK 3” NUYES umuphng napaumvs m n puma dun U Want dev‘ze m" (n Mums; “Wm ustu‘ar msm sr‘uhun Dent: zurmqured m mm m audm m «his mum: , nudm mum um um comma m muster mud: m m cmmp‘e :nmmn gr mm m; ‘5 mm Dante zonhqured m mum and mm 5 pm: mm: (mm m \Ecismsaia “mm szsm 5/me (mm mm \mpedance M3334 7 Squsstzd Hardware eamgumm m Hardware mm
Production Data WM8804
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APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
RECOMMENDED EXTERNAL COMPONENTS
Figure 28 Recommended External Components for Hardware Control Mode
mu m 9 mm m n w: m m W m an suuw cm ‘ snow mu sum/men: saw I; asp/NEH cmvm mm“ 5m , 5ch LSB’BVM :59 mm 2 pm GWVS‘MFMUDE mu , mm 5 Clmm "’ “W“ W" am “ aux LRCLK mm a u m n .r no” H mm v nsP/Mcu u u 0 um mu m H Kw m m V‘ 4, I (A w \ in m r, wmr mm ~ \ w 7‘“ m mam z :5»: R. 0qu wwnswzo s/PW Mum mg ‘m m. , 7;» ‘ onuvhnv mum” (a n: mm d“! (a waam a: m: 3 2mm mum?“ “mm m‘ }wH: apz‘mhu ‘m'ms mm _ um“ momma hr mum uni mm S/PW mm; ‘zrvvhnM «4» {#5025373 54.1mm mam 7 Suggesud Hardhar: Configurnfinn m Somme comm
WM8804 Production Data
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64
Figure 29 Recommended External Components for Software Control Mode
Wk Hi, HHHHHHHHHH ‘ MUHHUUHU ' 3‘ O 4 8 JEDECBS, M04 50
Production Data WM8804
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PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
NOTES:
A. ALL LINEAR DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS.
B. THIS DRAWING IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
C. BODY DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSION, NOT TO EXCEED 0.20MM.
D. MEETS JEDEC.95 MO-150, VARIATION = AE. REFER TO THIS SPECIFICATION FOR FURTHER DETAILS.
DM0015.CDS: 20 PIN SSOP (7.2 x 5.3 x 1.75 mm)
Symbols
Dimensions
(mm)
MIN NOM MAX
A----- ----- 2.0
A10.05 ----- -----
A21.65 1.75 1.85
b0.22 0.30 0.38
c0.09 ----- 0.25
D6.90 7.20 7.50
e0.65 BSC
E7.40 7.80 8.20
5.00 5.30 5.60
L0.55 0.75 0.95
θ
REF:
AA2 A1
SEATING PLANE
-C-
0.10 C
101
D
1120
e
b
E1 E
-
JEDEC.95, MO 150
0o4o8o
E1
L11.25 REF
Θ
cL
GAUGE
PLANE
0.25
L1
sa‘es@wo\fsunmwcm cum
WM8804 Production Data
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IMPORTANT NOTICE
Wolfson Microelectronics plc (“Wolfson”) products and services are sold subject to Wolfson’s terms and conditions of sale,
delivery and payment supplied at the time of order acknowledgement.
Wolfson warrants performance of its products to the specifications in effect at the date of shipment. Wolfson reserves the
right to make changes to its products and specifications or to discontinue any product or service without notice. Customers
should therefore obtain the latest version of relevant information from Wolfson to verify that the information is current.
Testing and other quality control techniques are utilised to the extent Wolfson deems necessary to support its warranty.
Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed unless required by law or regulation.
In order to minimise risks associated with customer applications, the customer must use adequate design and operating
safeguards to minimise inherent or procedural hazards. Wolfson is not liable for applications assistance or customer
product design. The customer is solely responsible for its selection and use of Wolfson products. Wolfson is not liable for
such selection or use nor for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Wolfson product.
Wolfson’s products are not intended for use in life support systems, appliances, nuclear systems or systems where
malfunction can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental damage.
Any use of products by the customer for such purposes is at the customer’s own risk.
Wolfson does not grant any licence (express or implied) under any patent right, copyright, mask work right or other
intellectual property right of Wolfson covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which its products or
services might be or are used. Any provision or publication of any third party’s products or services does not constitute
Wolfson’s approval, licence, warranty or endorsement thereof. Any third party trade marks contained in this document
belong to the respective third party owner.
Reproduction of information from Wolfson datasheets is permissible only if reproduction is without alteration and is
accompanied by all associated copyright, proprietary and other notices (including this notice) and conditions. Wolfson is
not liable for any unauthorised alteration of such information or for any reliance placed thereon.
Any representations made, warranties given, and/or liabilities accepted by any person which differ from those contained in
this datasheet or in Wolfson’s standard terms and conditions of sale, delivery and payment are made, given and/or
accepted at that person’s own risk. Wolfson is not liable for any such representations, warranties or liabilities or for any
reliance placed thereon by any person.
The product described in this datasheet incorporates clocking technology that has been licensed from Sonopsis Ltd. which
is protected by patents including EP1611684B1 and US7495515. Additional patent applications are pending.
ADDRESS:
Wolfson Microelectronics plc
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