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8-Pin SOIC to DIP Adapter Hookup Guide

SparkFun Electronics

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Datasheet

8-Pin SOIC to DIP Adapter Hookup Guide
Introduction
The SparkFun 8-Pin SOIC to DIP Adapter is a small PCB that lets you
adapt SOIC packages into a DIP footprint. These are useful for modding
and upgrading devices that use 8-pin DIP ICs, when the upgraded IC is
only available in a SOIC footprint. You can also use it for prototyping, to
make SOIC packages compatible with solderless breadboards.
The updated version of this adapter comes as a small array of PCBs – if
you’re adapting one chip, you’re likely to adapt more than one. The PCBs
easily snap apart, resulting in four individual boards.
The SOIC land pattern on the board has also been improved from its
predecessor. The pads are very long, in order to accomodate both narrow
and wide packages. The SOIC lands are staked down with plated through-
holes, to prevent lifting during rework. The SOIC is also contained entirely
within the DIP outline, for situations with no extra clearance around the IC.
Suggested Reading
Check out any of the links below, if you are unfamiliar with a given topic.
•PCB Basics
Integrated Circuits (ICs)
Page 1 of 8
SMD Footprint Creation Tutorial
How To Use A Breadboard
SMD Soldering
Assembly
Assembling the adapter is fairly straightforward, but there are a couple of
tricks that make it easier.
Materials
To build up an adapter, you’ll need the following pieces.
A SOIC-8 integrated circuit to adapt.
The 8-pin SOIC to DIP adapter board.
Some break away male headers.
Some solder, either leaded or lead-free.
Tools
The following tools are also recommended.
A soldering iron with a fine-point tip.
A magnifying glass or loupe.
Cross-lock tweezers.
A solderless breadboard, to use as an assembly jig.
Building An Adapter
Snap Boards Apart
The array of boards was scored when it was manufactured. If you bend
along the scores, the boards snap apart easily.
Prepare To Solder
It’s easiest to solder the IC in place before you mount the headers, so you
don’t have to work around the protruding pins.
If this is your first time soldering surface mount ICs, patience and a steady
hand are the key to good solder joints.
Neatness Counts – you want to put on enough solder to join the legs
to the pads, but not so much that adjacent legs are accidentally
bridged.
Work Quickly – if you leave the hot soldering iron on the board too
long, you risk burning the traces and pads off the board. You want
the iron at a temperature where the solder flows almost immediately
when you apply it to the iron. Somewhat counter-intuitively, a hotter
iron can be less damaging than a cooler one – having the iron at a
hotter temperature allows you to work more quickly, reducing the
potential for damage.
Solder IC In Place
First, heat one corner land (aka pad) on the PCB.
Page 2 of 8
Once it’s hot, flow a little solder onto it.
Pin 1 of the IC is usually marked with a small dimple in the IC body, or that
end of the chip is marked with a notch. Line these marks up with the
corresponding marks in the silkscreen. The silkscreen actually has three
marks, a notch at one end of the IC, a dot within the IC outline, and a dot
just outside the IC (which remains visible once the IC is soldered down).
Grab the IC with the tweezers, and orient it over the footprint. Reheat the
solder blob from the previous step, so the IC lead adheres to it. Press the
IC down flat before the solder cools.
At this point, it doesn’t have to be a perfect solder fillet, but the IC should be
sitting flat on the board, and all of the leads should align with the PCB pads.
If the alignment isn’t good, or if pin one is the wrong way around, reheat the
solder, and adjust the placement. This becomes a lot harder to fix after
more pads get soldered down.
Page 3 of 8
With the chip properly aligned, you can work your way around the chip,
soldering each lead. It works best if you use the tip of the soldering iron to
heat the IC lead and the PCB land at the same time, then flow a tiny bit of
solder to join them.
When you get back to the first lead, you can reheat the joint, flow a little
more solder, and make sure the leave a neat fillet.
Solder In Header Pins
With the IC in place, now you can solder on the header pins. It’s easier if
you have a jig that can hold the pins while you solder. It turns out that a
solderless breadboard has a bunch of holes with the proper alignment!
Start by breaking off the 4-pin segments off the header. Insert them into the
breadboard, two rows apart.
Set the PCB over the headers. Take care to keep the pins aligned straight
up and down.
Work you way around the PCB, soldering each pin from the top of the
board. When it’s complete, it should look like the board below.
Page 4 of 8
Deflux
Once you’ve finished soldering, look at the solder joints. If they appear to
have a yellow or brown coating on or around them, the board has flux
residue (under a magnifying glass, it might look like burnt sugar). Flux is
acidic, and can cause problems with long-term reliability, so it’s best to
clean it off.
You’ll have to check the documentation for your solder for the proper
cleaning methodology. Some flux is water soluble, while some requires a
solvent like isopropyl alcohol or acetone.
Verify
Before we jump into applications of the SOIC-to-DIP adapter board, let’s
take a moment to doublecheck our work.
A quick visual inspection can help spot solder bridges, or solder joints that
didn’t flow properly. It’s also a good time for one last check, to make certain
that pin one of the SOIC is properly oriented.
For a little extra confidence, you can also use a multimeter in continuity
mode, to verify that the legs of the SOIC are connected to the pins.
Using The Adapter
Adapter Orientation
The pins of the DIP footprint are rotated 90° in relation to the pins of the
SOIC. We covered the pin-1 markings for the SOIC in the assembly
section.
Pin 1 of the DIP footprint is marked two ways.
Page 5 of 8
First, the solder pad for pin 1 is square, while the others are round.
Second, pins 1 and 8 are marked in the legend silkscreened on the bottom
of the board.
Case Studies
On a Breadboard
This adapter is useful when you want to build a breadboard prototype using
a chip that’s only available in SOIC. It allows the chip to properly fit the rows
of the breadboard.
Dual-opamp Oscillator On Breadboard
Upgrading Old Devices
Page 6 of 8
Another common use of a SIOC-to-DIP adapter is upgrading or modifying
existing equipment.
At one time, this was a way to update the BIOS on a PC motherboard,
though more recently DIP-8 EPROMS have been less prevalent, and
surface-mount memories are more commonplace, which are usually
reprogrammable without being removed from the motherboard.
Chip substitution is also a common practice among hi-fi and pro audio
enthusiasts, sometimes called chip rolling or POOGE-ing (Progressive
Optimization Of Generic Equipment). Many of these devices are filled with
single or dual operational amplifiers in DIP-8 packages. It can be an easy,
inexpensive upgrade for an older device to put in newer opamps, which
feature lower distortion, less intrinsic noise, and lower DC-offset.
Sometimes these newer amplifiers are only available in surface-mount
packages, such as the Texas Instruments OPA1641/1642.
When doing modifications of this sort, there are a couple of things to be
aware of.
First, note whether the original equipment has the IC in a socket. If
so, it should be easy to remove the old chip, and install the adapter.
If there is no socket, and the old IC is soldered directly to the board,
take care in removing the old IC, to prevent damaging the PCB. It
might be easier to cut the legs off the old IC, and desolder them one-
by-one.
If there wasn’t a socket, you might consider installing one as part of
the upgrade.
Finally, note the orientation of the IC before you begin, so you can be
certain to get the replacement in properly.
Resources and Going Further
Resources
This board is a redesign of the now retired 8-Pin SOIC-DIP adapter.
If you’re debugging SOIC-8 based designs, you might find the SOIC-8 test
clip to be useful.
We also offer a number of other surface mount to through-hole conversion
boards:
20-Pin SOIC to DIP Adapter
28-Pin SOIC to DIP Adapter
SOT23 to DIP Adapter
8-Pin SSOP to DIP Adapter
16-Pin SSOP to DIP Adapter
20-Pin SSOP to DIP Adapter
28-Pin SSOP to DIP Adapter
Going Further
Page 7 of 8
The POOGE Chronicles (POOGE = Progressive Optimization Of
Generic Equipment)
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Products

SOIC TO DIP ADAPTER 8PIN 1=4 PCS
Available Quantity473
Unit Price2.25